POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 85 Federal Penalties for Drug-Impaired Driving Does cannabis affect driving ability?(continued) Provincial/Territorial Drugged Driving Laws Provinces and territories have constitutional authority over highways and the licencing of drivers within their jurisdiction, giving them the ability to enact additional laws and sanctions to complement the federal impaired driving laws. Most jurisdictions, for example, have administrative licence suspension for drivers with blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) between .05% and .08%, and zero alcohol requirements for young drivers until age 21 or 22. In preparation for the legalization of cannabis, most provinces and territories updated their impaired driving laws and penalties to include specific measures to address drug-impaired driving, including zero drug requirements for young drivers and commercial drivers, roadside licence suspensions for failure of a drug screening test, and mandatory education programing for offenders convicted of drug-related impaired driving offences. Provinces and territories also establish their own rules and regulations with respect to how and where cannabis is sold, legal age of purchase, purchase limits, if and where it can be publicly consumed, etc. Please check your provincial or territorial government web site for details on the new drug-impaired driving laws and various cannabis in your jurisdiction. Charge 1st Offence 2nd Offence 3rd Offence • Alcohol-impaired driving • Having a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) at or over 80 mg per 100ml blood within 2 hours of driving • Drug-impaired driving • Having 5ng or more of THC per ml of blood within 2 hours of driving. • Any detectable level of LSD, psilocybin, psilocin, ketamine, PCP, cocaine, methamphetamine, 6-mam within 2 hours of driving • Having 5mg or more of GHB per 1 litre of blood within 2 hours of driving Combination • Having a BAC of 50mg per 100ml of blood + 2.5ng or more of THC per 1ml of blood within 2 hours of driving Refusal to comply with demand for sample Drug-impaired driving - Summary conviction • Having over 2nd but less than 5ng of THC per ml of blood within 2 hours of driving Impaired driving causing bodily harm Impaired driving causing death First offence + BAC of 80-119mg First offence + BAC of 120-159mg First offence + BAC of 160mg or more • Summary conviction: Maximum 2 years imprisonment less a day • Indictment: Maximum14 years imprisonment • Indictment: Maximum life imprisonment Mandatory minimum $1000 fine Mandatory minimum $1500 fine Mandatory minimum $2000 fine Mandatory minimum: $1000 fine Mandatory minimum: 30 days imprisonment Mandatory minimum: 120 days imprisonment Maximum $1000 fine Minimum: $2000 fine Maximum: 10 years imprisonment Maximum: 10 years imprisonment Maximum: 10 years imprisonment Penalties (continued)