48thANNUAL CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE Awa r e n e s s Stress Panic Anxiety Anguish Depression Lost PTSD Anger Suicide Sadness Trauma M E N TA L H E A L T H



POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 3 Thank You The Board of Directors of the Police Association of Nova Scotia and I wish to thank the public and businesses in Nova Scotia for their support of our organization. PANS appreciates your generosity and interest in our annual magazine. Our thanks to Fenety Marketing Services for their time and effort spent in support of our organization. Dale C. Johnson President PANS


POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 5 PANS Office Staff PANS BOARD OF DIRECTORS MADD CMHA Nova Sctoia David W. Fisher CEO Brigitte Gaudet Controller DONATIONS February 1, 2018 - January 31, 2019 PANS OFFICE ADDRESS: 1000 Windmill Road, Suite 2 Dartmouth, NS B3B 1L7 PHONE: (902) 468-7555 (PANS office) TOLL-FREE: 1-888-468-2798 FAX: (902) 468-2202 EMAIL President: Dale Johnson 1st Vice-President: Richard Hickox - Truro 2nd Vice-President: Harvey Timmons - Pictou County Secretary-Treasurer: Wilfred Andrews - Annapolis Valley Area Director: Steve Shipley - Bridgewater Area Director: Brian Gairns - Amherst Area Director: David Flynn - Charlottetown The Police Association of Nova Scotia supported communities across the province through a variety of programs and activities, including donations to the following organizations: Heart & Stroke Foundation Bike Rodeo - Charlottetown Police Services


POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 7 From the Publisher “Providing quality, professional marketing and fundraising services on behalf of high-profile, non-profit organizations.” On behalf of the Police Association of Nova Scotia, I would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank each and every contributor to our Annual Telephone Appeal, allowing this unique publication to be distributed to schools, libraries and public facilities and also available online at, making it easily accessible to everyone. The Police Association of Nova Scotiapublishes these Annual Crime Prevention Guides to educate the public on important community concerns. This 48th Annual Crime Prevention Guidetargets the very serious problem of Mental Health Awareness, including Suicide Prevention, PTSD for first responders, alcohol and drug addiction and many other important mental health issues. This publication is made possible as a result of financial contributions from residents and business representatives throughout the province. With their generous support for the activities of thePolice Association of Nova Scotia, PANSis also able to give back to their communities through donations to various local charities and programs for youth. Your comments or suggestions regarding these publications are always welcome and we look forward to speaking with you each year during our Annual Telephone Appeal. Respectfully, Mark T. Fenety President Fenety Marketing Services

8 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Harbourside Commercial Park 45 Wabana Court Sydney, NS B1P 0B9 902-564-7944 Proud to support the Police Association of Nova Scotia. 115 Trider Cres Dartmouth, NS B3B 1V6 1-800-565-9376 Proud To Support The Police Association Of Nova Scotia

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 9 48th Annual Crime Prevention Guide TABLE OF CONTENTS MENTAL HEALTH AWARENESS Message from the Premier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Message from PANS President . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 PANS Board of Directors and Donations . . . . . .5 Message from the Publisher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 PANS in the community . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-41 $3,000 Donation to the Canadian Mental Health Association – NS Division . . . . . . . . .11 New Glasgow Regional Police Promote Officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Dearing Delivers High School Team . . . . . . . .25 Making a Statement - Wounded Warriors, Charlottetown Police Partnership Shows ‘suck it up’Attitude No Longer Acceptable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 On the Mend - Boy’s Femur Recovering after Alleged Bullying Incident . . . . . . . . . .29 Kentville Officers Outfitted with Body Cameras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Walk A Mile in Her Shoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Truro Police Handing Out Tickets to Young People for Good Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Truro’s Holiday Heroes Go to Work - Police and Partners Work to Bring a Day of Fun to Deserving Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 PANS Annual Christmas & Appreciation Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 What are Mental Illnesses? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Let’s Talk About Stigma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Stigma and Discrimination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 6 Reasons to Work for Mental Health Parity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Ending the Health Care Disparity in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Anxiety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Depression and Bipolar Disorder . . . . . . . . . . .63 Eating Disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) . . . . . 71 Schizophrenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder . . . . . . . . . . . .77 First Responder, Trauma and PTSD. . . . . . . . . 81 Preventing Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Suicide in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89 Transforming Mental Health for Children and Youth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Concurrent Mental Illness and Substance Use Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93 Facts You Might Not Know About Sleep and Mental Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95 Mindfulness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Fast Facts about Mental Illness . . . . . . . . . . . .99 Website for Mental Health Wait Times in N.S. Gets 1st Update since 2017 . . . . . . . .101 Timely Access to Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 Take Care of Your Mental Health on the Go . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105 Create Your Own Workplace Wellness Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107 Where Can I Get Help? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 Ten Ways to Boost Your Mental Health . . . . .112 ADVERTISERS’ INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 11 PANS in the community Proceeds from our 48th Annual Community Guide have allowed PANS to make a $3,000.00 donation to the Canadian Mental Health Association – NS Division to assist with their vision - “Mentally healthy people in a healthy society”, and provide community-based mental health and addiction support and services within three key strategic areas: Strengthening Our Collective Voice, Ensuring Quality Services and Enhancing Organizational Health. Canadian Mental Health Associations in Nova Scotia are the oldest community-based mental health and addictions charitable organizations in the province, founded in 1908.The CMHA NS Division holds the licence and provides provincial leadership for mental health in Nova Scotia, with the support of 5 CMHA Branches. In alignment with the National Vision and Strategic Goals CMHA NS Division’s mission is to support the Mental Health of all Nova Scotians. This mission is achieved through the provision of community-based supports and services that promotes positive mental health- quality of life- and prevents mental ill health related injury and disease through: • Strengthening our Collective Voice by developing collaborative and supportive relationships among multiple sectors and partners, in support of mental health for all; • Ensuring Quality Services through the provision of quality and timely, evidence based mental health promotion- injury disease (mental health and addictions) awareness, education, trainings, programs and initiatives that mental health and quality of life for all Nova Scotians; and, • Enhancing Organizations Health by providing provincial and local community leadership to pilot and deliver innovative evidence-based mental health promotion, injury-disease recovery based prevention supports and services for all Nova Scotians. From left to right... Dale Johnson, PANS President; Pamela Magee, Executive Director of Canadian Mental Health Association; Shari Pictou, Truro Local 102 President; Rick Hickox, PANS Truro Area Director.


POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 13 PANS in the community Amherst Triple A Ramblers with our Cram-A-Crusier event. Left to right: Sawyer Harvey, Kieron Sears, Lucas Hurley, Phoenix Remington, Conner Hunter, Cst. TomWood, Deputy Chief Tim Hunter. Amherst Triple A Ramblers with our Cram-A-Crusier event. Left to right: Conner Hunter, Mandel Nickerson, Nolan McNally, Brady Stack, Alex Herett, Sawyer Harvey. Alex Herrett and Cst. Michelle Harrison during the Pumpkins for Poverty campaign. Pumpkins for Poverty campaign. Left to right, back row: Connor Hunter, Phoenix Remington, Kieron Sears, Alex Herrett, Nolan McNally, Kyler Edwards, Brady Stack, Sam Maddison, Mandel Nickerson. Front row: Cst. TomWood, Sgt. Jason Galloway, Deputy Chief Tim Hunter, Cst. Brandon Metz, Cst. Michelle Harrison. continued Amherst Police Service

14 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 125 King St. North Sydney, NS B2A 3S1 (902) 794-7111

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 15 Left to right: Shelly Robichaudof Autumn House, Acting Staff Sergeant Brian Gairns, Cst. TomWood, Natasha Galloway of Restorative Justice, and Katelyn Vansnick of Restorative Justice delivering Christmas gifts to Autumn House. This is a joint venture between Amherst Police and Restorative Justice. Amherst Pee Wee Triple A Ramblers delivering turkeys to Autum House. Left to right: Nolan McNally, Kieron Sears, Connor Hunter, Alex Herrett, Nick Russell, Cst. Michelle Harrison, and Acting Staff Sergeant Brian Gairns. Amherst Pee Wee Triple A Ramblers raised funds to help purchase gifts and turkeys for our Christmas Family program. Left to right: Nolan McNally, Mandel Nickerson, Kieron Sears, Alex Herrett, Nick Russell, Connor Hunter. PANS in the community Amherst Police Servicecontinued

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 17 Joanne McDavid retires after 40 years of service to the Town of New Glasgow Police Service, Court Operations. Joanne, a civilian member of PANS, posing with C-Platoon. New Glasgow Regional Police and Superstore hold a food drive for Christmas 2018. Congratulations, Joanne! continued PANS in the community New Glasgow Police Service

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 19 Cst. Rebecca Heighton assists with the Breakfast Program at New Glasgow Academy. Cst. Wadden and Bandit deliver the donated food to the food bank Cst. Ryan Chisholmassists with the Breakfast Program at New Glasgow Academy. Cst. Wadden and Cst. Heightondelivering toys. PANS in the community New Glasgow Police Servicecontinued

20 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Robert Smith General Manager 176 Water St., P.O. Box 279 Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0 Ph: (902) 875-4488 Fax: (902) 875-4222 Toll Free: 1(800) 563-5337 CLUCKINGHEN 45073 Cabot Trail Victoria County, NS B0C 1H0 (902) 929-2501 Cafe & Bakery Open Daily May-October Kaiser MarineInc PO Box 150, Port Bickerton, NS B0J 1A0 (902) 849-2500

NGRP Christmas toy & food drive for local charities. From left, Shirley Smith, Kyle Watters, Rebecca Heighten, Jason Lloyd,Steve Curley & Zach Sharpe POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 21 Cpl Claire Corkum-Timmons at career day at a local preschool. Harvey Timmons presents a donation cheque, on behalf of the APA, to MADD Pictou Co. president, Joy Polley Brian Gairns, Harvey Timmons, Kyle Lesko& Derek Childs with some down time during the CPA conference in Vancouver. PANS in the community New Glasgow Police Servicecontinued New Glasgow Regional’s Kyle Lesko& Harvey Timmons at the CPA Conference in Vancouver, BC

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 23 NEW GLASGOW, N.S. - The Town of New Glasgow took some time at its council meeting on March 5 for the formal promotion of six officers to the rank of corporal and sergeant. Police Chief Eric MacNeil and New Glasgow Mayor Nancy Dicks presented promotions to the police officers who now make up the middle management team for the New Glasgow Regional Police. “Something we’ve been lacking is a middle management team over the last several years,” said MacNeil. The town has addressed that by developing a promotional routine. To qualify for promotions, officers had to meet certain criteria that included everything from an exam to a file review. There was also an interview board. “I’m very happy with it. It makes it for a more efficient and productive police service,”MacNeil said. He said it will be great to be able to utilize the talents of the officers in a more formal way. “Leadership of course is very crucial for any police department. You have to have that leadership.” Among the promotions were two historic firsts. Claire Corkum-Timmons became the first female police officer with the department to be promoted to the rank of corporal. Corkum-Timmons said she’s in her 19th year of policing in Pictou County. When she started in Stellarton, she was the first female officer to work in that department. She then moved to Trenton and became the first female police officer to work for that department. Then she became part of the New Glasgow Regional Police. “I want to encourage others to get into this profession, and in particular, young women. I feel that being a leader and being promoted can inspire change in our department for the better.” Another historic first was the promotion of Darryl Paris to the rank of sergeant. He is the first black officer to be promoted to that level in the New Glasgow police department. MacNeil said he is very pleased with all the officers who were promoted. Other officers recognized were Cpl. Nick Hirtle, Cpl. Jason Lloyd, Sgt. Jason MacKinnon and Det. Sgt. Ryan Leil. PANS in the community New Glasgow Police Servicecontinued By AdamMacInnis ( As originally published, The News A SaltWire Network Publication, March 6, 2019 New Glasgow Regional Police promote officers Claire Corkum-Timmons became the first female officer promoted to the rank of corporal. Presenting her with the promotion are Police Chief Eric MacNeil and New GlasgowMayor Nancy Dicks. - AdamMacInnis

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 25 When he’s not in his police uniform, Jamie Dearing is obsessing about youth football. The Bridgewater resident is on the cusp of achieving his latest obsession, assembling the South Shore’s first ever high school football team. “It just consumes me,” said Dearing, an officer with Bridgewater Police. “It’s all I do on my days off. I work four-on, four-off so I have four full days to put into this becoming a success and that’s all I do, going to schools, organizing fundraisers, recruiting, ordering equipment. I’m not complaining because I love it.” Over the course of five months, Dearing’s been able to get 27 South Shore teenagers, including his sons, to commit to the team that will play Division 2 football starting in September. For Dearing, a graduate of Cole Harbour District High’s football program, it’s been a long time coming. Year after year he’s harnessed plenty of talent coaching with the region’s youth football program, South Shore Seahawks, which offers competitive leagues and skills development programs for kids age 7 to 15. But because there’s no local high school team, he’s watched plenty of that talent wasted. A few graduates make the move to a Halifax-area high school program but the majority simply stop playing football. “We have a lot of talented kids down here that love to play football,” said Dearing. “Both my boys play. Half the people we’ve got signed up are ex-Seahawks players. That’s the whole point, that you have all these kids that played Seahawk football at atom, peewee, bantam and had nothing else to do. Now that we’ve started this you’ll see them coming back to it and signing up.” The teamwill represent Park View Education Centre in Bridgewater and compete against teams from the Annapolis Valley, Halifax and beyond. Dearing and another Seahawks coach, Dave Patton, approached school staff last January and were given the go-ahead, with timelines to meet. That’s when Dearing started pounding the pavement visiting local schools in an effort to recruit players. The team is currently shy three players for a full roster but Dearing figures that will come in the weeks ahead. Getting this far is the result of some luck and good timing. With the merger of Park View and Bridgewater High School, the task of fielding a high school team is made easier. Logan Sangster is a recent graduate of the Seahawks program and will suit up as a free safety on the new high school team. The 15year-old is excited about extending his young career and has hopes of earning a football scholarship. But the Bridgewater resident knows Dearing, a hulking figure, has a no-nonsense approach to coaching and demands discipline from his players. “I’m kind of scared of him,” said Sangster with a laugh. “Footballs’ been great for me and I’ve made so many good friends playing the game. I’m just really excited that I can keep playing.” The team is aiming to raise $30,000 in the next couple of years, which will provide necessary equipment for teammembers. Players will only be expected to purchase cleats, a mouth guard and a water bottle. So far, players have raised about $15,000 hosting barbecues, car washes and bottle drives. They’ve also managed a successful T-shirt campaign, convincing 10 local businesses to pay to have to have their logos displayed on team T-shirts. “The Seahawks are lending us some helmets and shoulder pads, which really helps out our budget. We’re fundraising for pants, jerseys, for refs, footballs, all the equipment that we need. Eventually, over the next couple of years, we’ll have to pay for our helmets and shoulder pads.” Dearing’s passion for football has never waned. He insists it’s a sport that personifies teamwork and inclusiveness like no other. “It’s a sport that embraces everyone, big and small, athletic and notso-athletic. There’s a position for everyone on a football team.” “If you’re big and you can’t run, well, you can run for 10 seconds straight ahead or you can block someone and allow your quarterback to throw the ball. All the players on the field have to work together to make that one play work. It’s awesome, just a great sport.” By Andrew Rankin As originally published, The Chronicle Herald, May 23, 2018 Dearing delivers high school team UPDATE! 2018 marked the first year for the Park View Tackle Football Team. It took a lot of work on behalf of the coaches, players, parents and many other supporters.We had an amazing first year, albeit with a few growing pains, and the players worked hard to the first season with three win and five losses. Jamie Dearing is on the far right. PANS in the community Bridgewater Police Service

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 27 Charlottetown Police Service members, both active and retired, got some additional access to mental health services and programs after entering into a partnership with Wounded Warriors Canada on Friday. “The types of incidents that we deal with are much like those of servicemen – trauma-based incidents that can certainly lead to long-lasting impacts to our front-line staff,” said Deputy Chief Brad MacConnell. “There was no need to delay this. This is something that is only a benefit to our members and our first responders.” The partnership was signed between Wounded Warriors Canada, Charlottetown Police Service and Charlottetown Police Association for first responders and their families. The partnership will provide additional mental health services beyond what is already offered internally, explained MacConnell. Scott Maxwell, executive director of Wounded Warriors Canada, said that signing a partnership with Charlottetown police is a statement against the “suck it up” attitude that can be pervasive throughout uniform service work. “Today is such a statement against that. I don’t know if this day would have been possible five or 10 years ago, where we’re standing here at headquarters with the chief and deputy chief of the police service, basically saying to the members and their families that if you feel you can benefit from Wounded Warriors Canada’s programming, avail yourself of the services,” he said. “That’s an indication that we’ve come a long way.” Wounded Warriors Canada is a mental health charity that was launched in 2006 to provide support for Canadian Armed Forces members and veterans. It expanded in 2016 to include first responders in its programs and services. By Terrence McEachern As originally published, The Guardian, July 20, 2018 Making a statement Wounded Warriors, Charlottetown police partnership shows ‘suck it up’ attitude no longer acceptable The Charlottetown Police Service and Charlottetown Police Association entered into a partnership withWoundedWarriors Canada Friday to access mental health services and programs from the independent organization. Scott Maxwell, left, executive director of WoundedWarriors Canada, and Charlottetown police Chief Paul Smith signed the agreement. PANS in the community Charlottetown Police Service

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 29 It’s been nearly seven months since a playground incident resulted in a broken femur for a 12-year-old École François-Buote student. Kayson has been on the mend since breaking his femur last March in what his mother, Rose-Lune Goulet, says was an act of bullying. “Right now, he’s doing OK, he’s still limping, he has muscle cramps,” she said. Kayson may have to undergo another surgery in March 2019 to take out the hardware used to fix his leg. Since his injury, Kayson and Goulet have worked to spread the message of anti-bullying. Kayson was the guest of honour at a Ride and Rally held on Saturday in Charlottetown. The ride portion of the event was cancelled due to rain and wind. However, a small gathering was held at the campaign headquarters of Philip Brown. “It’s nice to see the support of the community,” said Goulet, “and to see everybody behind us against bullying.” The day of the injury was a long one for Goulet and her family, who had to wait 36 hours before parts could be brought in to fix Kayson’s leg due to a snow storm. The parts were not readily available because it is not often a child breaks a femur. Kayson underwent roughly four hours of surgery. “It’s awful as a family to go through that,” said Goulet, “not just emotionally but also financially.” When Kayson broke his femur, a police investigation was launched. “It came out inconclusive because of the age of the counterparties,” said Goulet. The French Language School Board’s superintendent Anne Bernard-Bourgeois spoke on the issue with The Guardian last year. Bernard-Bourgeois said the broken femur was a result of an accident. For Goulet, it was no accident. She said Kayson had been bullied for two years prior to the incident. “I was really active in saying there was bullying,” she said. “For the past three years I mentioned stuff about bullying at school and nothing was done, so I think at one point school has a responsibility also to acknowledge what happened.” By Katherine Hunt ( As originally published, The Guardian, September 24, 2018 On the mend Boy’s femur recovering after alleged bullying incident Twelve-year-old Kayson checks out the police cruiser with Const. J.D. Gallant, who also attended the anti-bullying event on Saturday. PANS in the community Charlottetown Police Servicecontinued

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 31 PANS in the community Kentville Police Service The Kentville Police Service has fully outfitted its force with body cameras following a successful pilot project. The cameras are ready just ahead of the annual Annapolis Valley Apple Blossom Festival, which is always a time of increased activity for the force. The project was initiated by former chief Mark Mander. After the pilot was finished, the force started talking a couple of months ago about getting cameras for all members on patrol, new chief Julia Cecchetto said Thursday. Stg. Wilf Andrews said the pilot project went well, with one officer per shift having a camera. “The officers liked the idea of wearing them,” he said. “Obviously, it’s a bit of accountability on both sides.” Cecchetto said that in at least one case an accused person changed their plea to guilty after the defence lawyer viewed a recording from the camera. “That’s our hope, certainly going forward, that more of that happens,” she said. The department policy will be for officers to turn the cameras on at any time that they are arriving at a call, or when they are interacting with the members of the public. Andrews said dash cameras have been in cars for years. “They do basically the same thing outside (a home or business), but this will enable recordings inside, too.” The cameras, which can be monitored remotely and are recorded to a server, serve three purposes, Cecchetto said. “They have an investigative role, especially in in the case of a victim or witness that recants,” she said. “From an officer safety point of view, if people realize that everything they do is being recorded, then sometimes their behaviour is modified.” The cameras can also be used in Police Act investigations of complaints, to prove or disprove someone’s allegations against an officer. Cecchetto said the department receives about three complaints a year alleging police misconduct. “We don’t get many, but all police agencies get complaints,” she said. “Most turn out to be unfounded.” She said there was a complaint under the Police Act last fall that “had we had a video, would not have gone any further. It did drag on for an extended period of time until we got video from the sheriffs. Once we saw that video, it was very clear that my officers had done nothing wrong.” By Ian Fairclough As originally published, The Chronicle Herald, May 25, 2018 Kentville officers outfitted with body cameras Left to right: Cst. Burke, Cst. Sehl, TOK Mayor Sandra Snow, and By-Law Officer Cst. Glen Cunningham at Walk a Mile in Her Shoes. Walk A Mile in Her Shoes

32 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 9293 Commercial Street, New Minas 81 Peakview Way, Halifax (Larry Uteck) 745 Sackville Drive, Lower Sackville Local 2289 Office 63 Otter Lake Court Halifax, Nova Scotia B3S 1M1 Tel: 902.425.2440 Fax: 902.422.4647 L C Forestry Ltd. Proud Supporter of PANS The Manors, Quiet apartments in safe neighborhood near Mic Mac Mall. Heat, hot water included, fridge/stove/dishwasher, parking, storage, balcony/patio. Managed by Bell Enterprises Limited Rental Office Phone: 902-464-3939 7 James St., Antigonish, NS, B2G 1R6 (902) 863-2244 Sandy & Sons Fisheries Ltd. Box 43, Port Mouton Queens Co., NS B0T 1T0 Ph: 902-683-2781 Fax: 902-683-2420

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 33 PANS in the community Kentville Police Servicecontinued Left to right: Cst. MacDonald, Aux. Cst Wood, Sgt. MacNeil, DOJ Rep. Sharon, Cst. Lutz, and Chief Cecchetto at the Kentville Police Fundraiser Brunch. EHS Supervisor Greg MacKinnonand Cst. Marty Smith– Fundraiser donation with EHS Cst. MacKinnon & Aux. Cst Atwater

34 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Atlantic Ventilation Cleaning Limited DWIGHT RATTRAY Project Manager 24 Simmonds Drive, Unit 26 Dartmouth, N.S. B3B 1R3 Website: Tel: (902) 482-1135 Fax:(902) 482-1140 Cell (902) 880-7909 Email: Specializing in Robotic Video Inspection and Cleaning Athens Restaurant Co. Ltd. 6273 Quinpool Road Halifax, NS B3L 1A4 (902) 422-1595 Relax in our quiet atmosphere Enjoy one of our succulent dishes. Full Service, Hot Tubs + Swim Spas (902) 576-5115 Refrigeration & Heat Pumps Sales & Service FAX: 902-928-1343 BUS: 902-752-4144 49 North Albert Street New Glasgow, NS, B2H 3T9

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 35 PANS in the community Truro Police Service Truro Police officers hope to be handing out a lot of tickets to young people this summer. These are“positive tickets”and those who get one can look forward to some fitness fun. “They’ll be a reward for positive, safe behaviour,” said Truro Police Chief Dave MacNeil. “When officers see a young person being active, and being safe and respectful, by doing something like wearing a bike helmet, they can give them one of the tickets. “We want to educate, as well as enforce. This is a way to encourage healthy behaviour and provide positive interaction with police.” In the past, positive tickets could be redeemed for things like ice cream, but through conversation with Ashley Simms, the town’s director of parks, recreation and culture, another idea came about. The police service partnered with the town and the Rath-Eastlink Community Centre (RECC), and this year’s tickets entitle the bearer to a free family day pass for the RECC or the Victoria Park Pool. Any young person who is being physically active while respecting laws and bylaws could be issued a ticket. Cst Katie Titus and Cst Kelly Quinn will have lots of opportunities to talk to people and hand out tickets. They’ve started doing daily foot and bicycle patrols of the downtown area, skate park and Victoria Park. By Lynn Curwin As originally published, Truro Daily News, July 3, 2018 Truro Police handing out tickets to young people for good behavior Cst Katie Titus has some positive tickets to hand out to young people she sees being physically active while respecting the rules.The tickets entitle the recipient to a free family day pass at the RECC or Victoria Park Pool.

36 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA DARTMOUTH 902-468-7772 15 Wright Ave., Burnside Park TOLL-FREE 1-844-477-6500 Fax 902-468-0233 13 Ashdale Ave., Halifax, NS B3N 2C7 (902) 406-3368 Doug Chisholm FORESTRY PO Box 30 St. Andrews, NS B0H 1X0 (902) 863-5078 DJ’s Well Drilling Ltd. 1508 Palmer Dr., Box 385, Kingston, NS B0P 1R0 (902) 638-3385 Tel: (902) 423-0787 • Fax: (902) 423-2460 Web: 209 Aerotech, Unit 10-12 B, Goffs, NS B2T 1K3 Canada 340 Wright Ave., Unit 13 Dartmouth, NS B3B 0B3 (902) 468-8000 7 Moore Rd., Unit 1, Dartmouth, NS B3B 1J1 (902) 468-3087

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 37 PANS in the community Truro Police Servicecontinued A group of children will have a chance for an early Christmas of sorts during an activity-filled day at the Rath-Eastlink Community Centre (RECC) hosted by the Holiday Heroes. From 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Dec. 22, the children will have full access to the rink, the climbing wall, the swimming pool and all else the RECC has to offer. “Last year was good and this year it is going to be better,”said event co-coordinator Const. Scott Milbury of Truro Police Service. Holidays Heroes is a project started last year by Truro police in partnership with a number of local organizations that assist with the planning of the event and coordination of donation efforts. Last year’s event was held at the Truro high school but with the RECC stepping up as a partner this year, there will be much more for the children to participate in, Milbury said. The event at the RECC is by invitation only, with names being provided by various schools and other community organizations. The effort has received financial contributions along with sweaters, hand-knit mittens and other clothing items. “We don’t want to limit anybody,”Milbury said. And while all donations are welcomed, he suggested financial contributions are the best way to help out, because they can be used to make purchases for items that have been identified as needs. But absolutely all donations are welcomed, he added. “If anybody wants to make donations, by all means,” Milbury said. “We don’t want to limit anybody.” Anyone who wants to contribute to the cause can contact Milbury by calling 902-895-5351 or by email at: (mailto: By Harry Sullivan As originally published, Truro Daily News, December 19, 2018 Truro’s Holiday Heroes go to work Police and partners work to bring a day of fun to deserving children The Truro Police Service’s Holiday Heroes will be hosting this year’s children’s pre-Christmas activities at the Rath-Eastlink Community Centre, which has stepped up as yet another community partner for the event. From left, are RECC manager Matt Moore and Truro Police Const. Scott Milbury who is coordinating the effort along with Leeann McDonald.

38 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA PIERCEY INVESTORS LIMITED Land Developers Newly Developed R1 (Residential) Lots for Sale (Including Lake Front Lots) Sheldrake Heights Subdivision, Phase 6 Timberlea (At Exit 4, Highway 103) Lot Plans available at 7020 Mumford Road, Halifax, NS (902) 454-7696 271 Brownlow Ave, Dartmouth, NS B3B 1W6 Phone: (902) 832-1867 Fax: (902) 453-2635 Email: Keeping your roads safe and clear! Nova Scotia Highway Workers Union, CUPE Local 1867 RESTART CONSTRUCTION LTD 20 Weeks Lane, Sydney 902-304-8883 Office 902-563-6533 Core Drilling Slab Saw Wall Sawing Door & Window Openings Asphalt Dan NcNeil Locally Owned & Operated -

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 39 PANS in the community Truro Police Servicecontinued Left to right: Chief Dave MacNeil, Sgt. Rick Hickox receiving his 20-year Exemplary Service award (and Rick’s three daughters: Phoebe, Piper, Lola) and Mayor Bill Mills. Cst. Reynolds, CAO Mike Dolter TOT, Mayor Bill Mills TOT, K-9 Onyx, and Cst. Scott Milbury at 2018 Holiday Heroes. Left to right: Sgt. Rick Hickox, Cst. Karen Degroot, Inspector Rob Hearn receiving their 20-year Exemplary Service awards; Mayor Bill Mills and Chief Dave MacNeil. Cst. Scott Milbury with staff from MacQuarries, who donated for 2018 Holiday Heroes. Cst. Reynolds (far left) and Cst. Milbury (far right) at 2018 Holiday Heroes.

40 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 245 Main Street, Antigonish NS B2G 2L8 Email: (902) 863-2571 (902) 429-4104 52 King Street, Dartmouth, NS B2Y 2R5 Practice Areas: Why Choose Us? • Divorce • Child & Spousal Support • Custody • Criminal • Civil Litigation • Experience That Counts • Flexible Appointment Times • Free Initial Consultation • Parking On Site • Commercial Real Estate Consulting • Research, Valuation and Advisory • Cost Consulting • Property Tax Consulting • Geomatics T: 902.420.8880 F : 902.422.6698 Street Smart. World Wise.

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 41 PANS in the community APA plaque presented to retired Cpl Jessy Rowley by Sgt Rick Hickox for 30 years of service. APA plaque presented to Staff Sgt Randy Mackenzie by Sgt Rick Hickox for 38 years of service. Thank You for your many years of service

42 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Leonard MacAskill • Mining Equipment Repair Alimak Repair and Training 20 MacDonald Avenue, Burnside Industrial Park Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B3B 1C5 t: (902) 468.8040 f: (902) 468.4839 339 Beaver Bank Rd., Beaver Bank, NS B4E 1K1 (902) 864-9788 Timothy R. Walker. Ph.D. CCC RCT (902) 431-4097 35 years professional experience Mindfulness & Counselling Crisis & Suffering can be Opportunities for Transformation & Healing 65 Dellridge Lane, Suite 101, Bedford, NS B4A 0H2 (902) 468-5985 Bedford 936 Bedford Hwy, Bedford, NS B4A 3P1 (902) 877-2146 $75Off Full Course 25 Classroom Hours 10 Driving Hours Flexible hourly lessons and road test preparation available, you choose the time!

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 43 Derrah & Cindy Reid PANS Annual Christmas & Appreciation Dinner Joan & Wayne Crane Linda & Wilf Andrews

44 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 900 Windmill Rd., Suite 102 Dartmouth, NS B3B 1P7 (902) 405-7287 Unit M - 8 Oland Cr Halifax, NS B3S 1C6 Phone: 902-405-3038 Toll Free: 1-866-405-3038 J D Uniforms Medical Uniforms Jo-Anne Dalton Owner Addition Specialists Fax: 902-435-6586 Email: Hours: Monday - Friday 8:00am - 4:00pm Cape Breton Antigonish New Glasgow Toll Free: 1-888-3WINMAR

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 45 Maurice & Donna Gallant PANS Annual Christmas & Appreciation Dinner Scott & Wendy White Steve & Larissa Shipley

46 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA It has been readily apparent that mood disorders (anxiety/depression) are becoming the social norm. As a 37 year veteran Emergency/General Physician I would like to thank the officers of N.S. Policing services for their educating, interventions and the bringing to Emergency services those individuals critically stricken by these disorders. Your compassion and dedication to this role should never go unnoticed by the general public in a present day society that seems more critical than supportive of your policing role. G. Brian Ferguson, M.D. Cumberland Regional Health Care Centre THANK YOU

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 47 What are mental illnesses? continued Mental illnesses are health problems that affect the way we think about ourselves, relate to others, and interact with the world around us.They affect our thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. Mental illnesses can disrupt a person’s life or create challenges, but with the right supports, a person can get back on a path to recovery and wellness. It’s important to understand that there are many different types of mental illness that affect people in different ways. Within each mental illness, people may have very different symptoms and challenges. However, symptoms are just one piece. Access to services, support from loved ones, and the ability to participate in communities play a big part in the way people experience mental illnesses. Culture, background, and personal beliefs also shape the way people understand mental illnesses. Some people don’t see the name of a diagnosis as an important part of their journey, while others prefer the medical terms to describe the illness. No matter how people talk about their experiences, they will likely need to use medical terms if they seek help in the health system. This is just how the system works right now - but it isn’t the only way to talk about wellness. Different mental illnesses Health professionals divide mental illnesses into several different groups based on signs or symptoms. Common groups of mental illnesses include: Anxiety disorders Anxiety disorders are all related to anxiety. They may include excessive and uncontrollable worry, strong fears around everyday things or situations, unwanted thoughts, panic attacks, or fears around a past scary situation.Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illnesses, and they can create barriers in people’s lives. The different types of anxiety disorders include: o Phobias: A phobia is an intense fear around a specific thing like an object, animal, or situation. o Panic disorder: Panic disorder involves repeated and unexpected panic attacks. A panic attack is a feeling of sudden and intense fear that lasts for a short period of time. It causes a lot of physical feelings like a racing heart, shortness of breath, or nausea. Panic attacks can be a normal reaction to a stressful situation, or a part of other anxiety disorders. With panic disorder, panic attacks seem to happen for no reason. People who experience panic disorder fear more panic attacks and may worry that something bad will happen as a result of the panic attack. Some people change their routine to avoid triggering more panic attacks o Agoraphobia: Agoraphobia is fear of being in a situation where a person can’t escape or find help if they experience a panic attack or other feelings of anxiety. A person with agoraphobia may avoid public places or even avoid leaving their homes. o Social anxiety disorder: Social anxiety disorder involves intense fear of being embarrassed or evaluated negatively by others. As a result people avoid social situations. o Generalized anxiety disorder: Generalized anxiety disorder is excessive worry around a number of everyday problems for more than six months. This anxiety is often far greater than expected - for example, intense anxiety over a minor concern. Many people experience physical symptoms too, including muscle tension and sleep problems. Mood disorders Mood disorders all affect a person’s mood - the way they feel. This can affect every part of a person’s life. When someone experiences a mood disorder, they may feel sad, hopeless, tired, or numb for long periods of time.At times, some people experience an unusually ‘high’ mood and feel powerful and energetic, but this can also create problems. Depression and bipolar disorder are examples of mood disorders. Eating disorders Eating disorders really aren’t about food. They are complicated illnesses that are often a way to cope with difficult problems or regain a sense of control. Eating disorders may include seriously restricting how much food a person eats, bingeing, or purging food.Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are examples of eating disorders. Psychotic disorders Psychosis is a health problem that affects how people understand what is real and what isn’t real. People may sense things that aren’t real or strongly believe things that can’t be real. Schizophrenia is one example of a psychotic disorder.


POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 49 Personality disorders Personality disorders are patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that may last for a long time and create challenges in a person’s life. People who experience personality disorders may have difficulties developing healthy and satisfying relationships with others, managing their emotions well, avoiding harmful behaviour, and working toward important life goals. Personality disorders can affect the way people understand and view themselves and others and cope with problems. Borderline personality disorder is one example of a personality disorder. Childhood disorders This is a large group of mental illnesses that start to affect people when they are young, though some people are not diagnosed until they’re older. One example of a disorder in this group is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (or ADHD), which affects a person’s ability to focus, complete tasks, plan or organize, sit still, or think through actions. Dementia ‘Dementia’ refers to a group of symptoms. It can be caused by a disease that mainly affects nerve cells in the brain or can be associated with many other medical conditions. Dementia impacts a person’s memory, language abilities, concentration, organization skills, mood, and behaviours. Alzheimer’s disease is one type of dementia. Other mental illnesses Some mental illnesses are no longer classified as anxiety disorders, though anxiety or fear is a major part of the illnesses. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder is made up of unwanted thoughts, images, or urges that cause anxiety (obsessions) or repeated actions meant to reduce that anxiety (compulsions). Obsessions or compulsions usually take a lot of time and cause a lot of distress. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Post-traumatic stress disorder can occur after a very scary or traumatic event, such as abuse, an accident, or a natural disaster. Symptoms of PTSD include reliving the event through nightmares or flashbacks, avoiding reminders of the traumatic event, and feeling unsafe in the world, even when a person isn’t in danger. A note on suicide Suicide, when someone ends their life on purpose, is not a mental illness in itself. Not all people who die by suicide experience a mental illness. However, suicide may be linked to many different mental illnesses. It’s important to take any talk or thoughts of suicide seriously and seek help. What are the risk factors for mental illness? Many factors cause mental illness. Contributing factors include: o genetics, which are influenced by your family history oearly life experiences, such as: o abuse o trauma o stressful life events, such as: o financial problems o a loved one's death o divorce o environmental influences on a fetus, such as exposure to drugs or alcohol o your social, economic and educational status What are the symptoms of mental illness? Mental illness involves changes in thinking, mood or behaviour, or a combination of these issues. Symptoms include: o significant distress o inability to function as needed over an extended period of time These symptoms can be mild or severe, depending on the: o type of mental illness o individual o family o patient's environment What are the physical health effects of mental illness? Mental health is as important as physical health, and they both directly affect the other. People with physical health problems often experience anxiety or depression, which affects their recovery. Similarly, mental health factors can increase the risk of developing physical problems, such as: o diabetes o heart disease o weight gain or loss What are mental illnesses? continued NEED HELP? Contact the Mental Health Mobile Crisis Team [MHMCT] at 1-902-429-8167 or Toll Free 1-888-429-8167