POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 1 All Nova Scotians deserve to live in a safe and healthy community. The Province of Nova Scotia is committed to ensuring public safety and it would not be possible without working closely with our policing partners. Most Nova Scotians are aware of the dangers of prescription drug abuse, especially in recent years as the issue has been increasing across the country. The Province of Nova Scotia works with policing, justice partners as well as physicians to address the problem of prescription drug abuse. With initiatives like the Court-monitored Drug Treatment Program, the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program, and the province-wide Drug Information System, we continue to help tackle the immediate impacts and long-term effects of prescription drug use and overdose. We commend the Police Association of Nova Scotia for using the 47th Annual Crime Prevention Guide as a platform to talk about the dangers of prescription drug abuse. We hope that you take the time to read the information in this guide to educate yourself on this important and timely issue. We encourage you to take this information and share it with your neighbours, family and friends, to help keep our communities safe. As we work together, we will continue to create a province that is safe and healthy for all Nova Scotians. Honourable Stephen McNeil, M.L.A. Premier Honourable Mark Furey, M.L.A. Attorney General and Minister of Justice Joint Message from the Premier and Minister of Jus!ce Police Associa!on of Nova Sco!a Crime Preven!on Guide Prescrip!on Drug Abuse

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 3 Thank You On behalf of the Members and Board of Directors of the Police Association of Nova Scotia, we wish to thank the public and businesses in Nova Scotia for their support of our organization. PANS appreciates your generosity and interest in our annual magazine. Our thanks to Fenety Marketing Services for their time and effort spent in support of our organization. Dale Johnson President PANS


POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 5 PANS Office Staff PANS BOARD OF DIRECTORS World Police Games MADD Heart & Stroke Foundation David W. Fisher CEO Donna Gallant Executive Assistant Brigitte Gaudet Controller DONATIONS April 2017 – January 2018 PANS OFFICE ADDRESS: 1000 Windmill Road, Suite 2 Dartmouth, NS B3B 1L7 PHONE: (902) 468-7555 (PANS office) TOLL-FREE: 1-888-468-2798 FAX: (902) 468-2202 EMAIL President: Dale Johnson 1st Vice-President: Richard Hickox - Truro 2nd Vice-President: Harvey Timmons - Pictou County Secretary-Treasurer: Wilfred Andrews - Annapolis Valley Area Director: Steve Shipley - Bridgewater Area Director: Brian Gairns - Amherst Area Director: David Flynn - Charlottetown ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA The Police Association of Nova Scotia supported communities across the province through a variety of programs and activities, including donations to the following organizations: Holiday Heroes Tema Conter Memorial Trust Scholarships

6 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Tel: (902) 423-0787 Fax: (902) 423-2460 Web: 209 Aerotech, Unit 10-12 B Goffs, NS B2T 1K3 Canada

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 7 From the Publisher “Providing quality, professional marketing and fundraising services on behalf of high-profile, non-profit organizations.” On behalf of the Police Association of Nova Scotia, I would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank each and every contributor to our Annual Telephone Appeal, allowing this unique publication to be distributed to schools, libraries and public facilities and also available online at, making it easily accessible to everyone. The Police Association of Nova Scotiapublishes these Annual Crime Prevention Guides to educate the public on important community concerns. This 47th Annual Crime Prevention Guidetargets the very serious problem of Prescription Drug Abuse focusing on the terrible consequences of abusing opiates, including the recently publicized fentanyl scare. This publication is made possible as a result of financial contributions from residents and business representatives throughout the province. With their generous support for the activities of the Police Association of Nova Scotia, PANSis also able to give back to their communities through donations to various local charities and programs for youth. Your comments or suggestions regarding these publications are always welcome and we look forward to speaking with you each year during our Annual Telephone Appeal. Respectfully, Mark T. Fenety President Fenety Marketing Services

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 9 47th Annual Crime Prevention Guide TABLE OF CONTENTS What is Prescription Drug Abuse. . . . . . . . . . . 39 Help Prevent Problematic Prescription Drug Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Opioid Crisis: No Easy Fix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Warning Signs of Prescription Drug Abuse . . .49 Opioid Overdose Signs and Symptoms . . . . . .53 What is Fentanyl?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 How Canada Got Addicted to Fentanyl . . . . . .57 Fentanyl’s Deadly Path . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 What You Need to Know About Fentanyl, Which Can Kill You in One Dose . . . . . . . 63 Fentanyl Surfaces in Cape Breton . . . . . . . . . .65 Preventing Overdoses with Naloxone . . . . . . .67 Nova Scotia to Offer Free Naloxone Kits to the Public as Part of Opioid Response . . . . 69 Nova Scotia Take Home Naloxone Program . .71 5 Steps to Save a Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 Molly Likely Laced with Fentanyl Leads to 2 Overdoses, 1 Arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Nova Scotia Sees Rise in Demand for Drug Treatment Amid Crisis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Nova Scotia Expands Treatment for Opioid Addicts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Ottawa to Help Nova Scotia Track Opioid Related Deaths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Hunger for Opioids Make Nova Scotia Pharmacies Target Robbers . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 W5 Goes Undercover to Buy Prescription Pills . .83 Opioid Prescriptions on the Decline in NS, but Still Above National Average . . . . . . . .85 10 Nova Scotia Doctors Investigated for Unusual Opioid Prescribing . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Man Found Unresponsive as ‘Troubling’ Fentanyl Crisis Pushes East . . . . . . . . . . . . .87 How Doctors are Dealing with Nova Scotia’s Opioid Addiction . . . . . . . . .89 Addiction Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91 A Call for Help: What it Takes to Get Treatment for Opioid Addiction . . . . . . . . .97 Treatment Challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101 Nova Scotia’s Opioid Use and Overdose Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103 You Can Get Help for Addiction . . . . . . . .107 Methadone Clinics in Nova Scotia . . . . . . . . .111 There’s Help for Drug Addicition! . . . . . . . . .112 ADVERTISERS’ INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 Message from the Premier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Message from PANS President . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 PANS Board of Directors and Donations . . . . .5 Message from the Publisher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 PANS in the community $5,000 Donation to the Mental Health Foundation of NS . . . . . . . . .11 MADD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Growing Number of E-Watch Cameras aims to Deter Crime in PEI’s Capital City . . . . . . . .21 Why Did the Ducks Cross the Road in Charlottetown? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Members of Truro Police K-9 Unit Complete Drug Detection Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Truro Police Spreading Holiday Cheer for Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Truro Officers Head to L.A. Competition . . . .27 ‘Constable Catherine Campbell Kids Awareness Day’ Held in Truro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Kentville Police, Sheriffs Team up to Help 32 Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Seeing Charlottetown Policing from the Inside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 With 37 Years in, Truro Police Officer Retires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Pictou, Hunka Promoted to Sergeant with Truro Police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 PANS Annual Christmas & Appreciation Dinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE AWARENESS

10 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Harbourside Commercial Park 45 Wabana Court Sydney, NS B1P 0B9 902-564-7944 Proud to support the Police Association of Nova Scotia. 115 Trider Cres Dartmouth, NS B3B 1V6 1-800-565-9376 Proud To Support The Police Association Of Nova Scotia

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 11 PANS in the community Proceeds from our 47th Annual Community Guide have allowed the Police Association of Nova Scotia to make a $5,000.00 donation to the Mental Health Foundation of Nova Scotia to assist with their mission to address the very serious problem of Drug Abuse in the province. From left to right... David Fisher, Trevor Lamont, Robert Hunka, Rick Hickox, Brenda MacDonald, Heather Lohnes (Mental Health and Addictions Program {Central Zone}, Nurse Rehabilitation Counsellors, Opioid Treatment Program), Dale Johnsonand Katie Titus. The Mental Health Foundation of Nova Scotia was established in 2002, a re-imagining of The Nova Scotia Hospital Foundation created in 1986 and led by Charles Keating. Keating envisioned a community that could work together to break down stigma and provide support to those living with mental illness. At that time the Foundation only supported clients of the Nova Scotia Hospital as well as the Dartmouth community. However by 2002, we broadened our mandate to raise awareness and support for mental health care in the Capital District Health Authority and throughout communities in Nova Scotia. Today, we support the vision of the Nova Scotia Healthy Authority's Addictions and Mental Health Program and partner with the provincial government, community associations, and local business, to place greater emphasis on mental illness and its human toll through our Community Grants program and Capital District Mental Health Program Grants.


POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 13 Truro Police Cpl Robert Hunka & Sgt Rick Hickox presenting MADD Cobequid Chapter with a donation from proceeds from the 46th Annual Crime Prevention Guide on DUI Awareness to support their Chapter’s activities. Kentville Police Cst Goss & Sgt Andrews presenting MADD Annapolis Valley Chapter with a donation from proceeds from the 46th Annual Crime Prevention Guide on DUI Awareness to support their Chapter’s activities. Bridgewater Police Cst Jamie Dearing presenting MADD Lunenburg-Queens Chapter with a donation from proceeds from the 46th Annual Crime Prevention Guide on DUI Awareness to support their Chapter’s activities. Amherst Cst Tom Wood presents MADD Cumberland-Tantramar Chapter president Shelley Pettigrew with a $400 cheque from proceeds from the 46th Annual Crime Prevention Guide on DUI Awareness to support their Chapter’s activities.

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 15 PANS in the community Cst Marty Smith with Kings County Academy school children Sgt Wilf Andrews and his grandson Aidan Twins Jackson and Jordan Shaffer with Cst Kevin Andrews Sgt George Dunfee and William Berrey Kentville Police Service

16 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA DARTMOUTH 902-468-7772 15 Wright Ave., Burnside Park TOLL-FREE 1-844-477-6500 Fax 902-468-0233 1-855-450-5254 Phone: 1-902-876-2820 Fax: 1-902-876-1076 Toll Free: 1-800-563-9344 Email: Serving Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island 138 Campbell Street, Unit 202, New Glasgow, NS B2H 5X9 P: (902) 752-6826 l F: (902) 755-2963 TF: 1-844-344-1369 1487 George St., Sydney, NS B1P 1P2 Tel: (902) 567-5686 Toll Free: 1-877-682-2229 Email: Web: Unit H - 8 Oland Cr Halifax, NS B3S 1C6 Phone: 902-405-3038 Toll Free: 1-866-405-3038 Fax: 902-405-3039 J D Uniforms Medical Uniforms Jo-Anne Dalton Owner 7 Moore Rd., Unit 1, Dartmouth, NS B3B 1J1 (902) 468-3087

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 17 PANS in the community Amherst Police Service participate in a Toy Drive for Autumn House. Left to right: Sgt Brian Gairns, Deputy Chief Dwayne Pike, Staff Sergeant Scott White, Cst Tasha Estabrooks, Dawn Ferris (Autumn House), Chief Ian Naylor (Restorative Justice), Katelyn Vansnick (Restorative Justice), Natasha Galloway, Cst Michelle Harrison, Cst TomWood. Kentville Police Service at a Christmas Brunch Fundraiser

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 19 PANS in the community Truro Police Service patrol officers helping the Salvation Army Truro Corp distribute Christmas baskets to those in need this holiday season. Baskets contained a turkey and all the fix’ins for a turkey dinner. Toys for children were also included. Over 90 families benefitted from those who donated. Truro Police would like to thank the Truro Corp for the invite and a very special thank you for those who donated. Without you this would never happen! Truro Police Service Insp Hearn accepting a plaque as a thank you from CEC teacher Denise Burgess. Truro Police have for the last 5 years partnered with CEC’s Options and Opportunities and Co-Operative Education Programs where students are paired with police officers for 30 hours while the officers go about their daily routine. Students get to see what police do which helps the students make an informed decision about a possible career choice to be a police officer. Students have been with officers as they carry out various duties including patrol, k9, traffic, school resource and forensics. Truro Police look forward to continuing this valuable community partnership for many years to come. Santa stopped by the police station Christmas night and Truro Police Service Cst DeGroot was not happy with her present. After some negotiation she and Santa made up and he was sent on his way. Truro Police Service Cst Kelly Quinn poses with Hannah Stewart during a local Food Drive. Truro Police Service

20 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Robert Smith General Manager 176 Water St., P.O. Box 279 Shelburne, NS B0T 1W0 Ph: (902) 875-4488 Fax: (902) 875-4222 Toll Free: 1(800) 563-5337 7 James St., Antigonish, NS, B2G 1R6 (902) 863-2244 COMPUTERIZED TEST EQUIPMENT MOTORS, PUMPS, CONTROLS, GENERATORS 24-HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE & IN-FIELD SERVICE Dartmouth, NS Stewiacke, NS Phone: 902-407-2277 Office: 902-639-2464 Fax: 902-407-4433 Fax: 902-639-2184 - Certified 88 Coldbrook Village Park Drive Coldbrook, NS B4R 1B9 (902) 678-6572 Fax: (902) 678-6228 TF: 1-888-678-6572 35 Baker Drive Suite 103 Dartmouth, NS B2W 0H3 30 Farnham Gate Rd Suite 32 Halifax, NS B3M 3W0 91 Sackville Drive Lower Sackville, NS B4C 2R2 REIGH’S SERVICE CENTRE LTD GENERAL DELIVERY, HEBRON, NS B0W 1X0 Tire Dealers - General Repairs Tel: (902) 742-4927 PROUDLY SUPPORTS PANS

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 21 PANS in the community Police are keeping an increasing number of eyes out for crime in Charlottetown — electronic ones, at least. Charlottetown Police Services started using video surveillance in 2009 as a preventative measure when large concerts were taking place at Confederation Landing Park, notes Deputy Chief Brad MacConnell. “Then we looked at using that as a crime prevention tool all over our city,’’ he says. The first wireless video, called E-Watch, went up in the capital city in 2015. Sixty-one more have since been installed, perched up high for a sweeping aerial view of potential trouble makers – people contemplating vandalism, theft, assault, among other criminal acts. MacConnell can see the number of wireless video cameras eventually reaching 100. Cameras are in public places throughout the downtown core, along the waterfront, near critical infrastructure and capturing high traffic areas like the Hillsborough Bridge. “We see a real value to expanding,’’ says the deputy chief, adding Charlottetown Police Services would like to get more sponsorship to have cameras installed in the northern part of the city, notably box store areas. MacConnell believes the highly visible cameras are serving well their intended purpose to reduce crime and to increase a sense of safety among Islanders and tourists alike. “Creating a safe environment is everybody’s responsibility in Prince Edward Island,’’ he says. “If you don’t feel safe, you’re not safe.’’ MacConnell says a sponsor, typically a local business or corporation, pays $5,000 to have a camera installed. He calls the investment good value for the money. Dyne Holdings Limited, which operates the Confederation Court Mall, observed “immediate improvement’’ once cameras were installed on Kent Street. Security staff calls declined, as did loitering. The Charlottetown Area Development Corporation says it is “very supportive of this program.’’ A local entrepreneur raved that he has not had a single incident of shoplifting since having an E-Watch camera installed outside his Charlottetown store. “The feedback that we’ve received has encouraged us to expand the program and where it will end up, who knows,’’ says MacConnell. “I think it’s been a real positive thing for our police department and our communities. It helps us protect not just our communities but our officers in a way that few municipalities enjoy.’’ He adds E-Watch has also provided “investigative value’’ in numerous instances caught on video. The wireless videos are not a strain on police resources, either, according to MacConnell. Brenda McPhail, director of the privacy, technology and surveillance project with the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, says there is not a lot of empirical evidence that these cameras are a good deterrence to crime. She is also concerned that the cameras erode privacy. McPhail says since the E-Watch system is an intrusive method of public safety people should be given the opportunity to offer input and register concerns. “The public really needs to know what is being provided,’’ she says. “Our position is that it (use of the E-Watch system) is something for the community to decide.’’ As originally published on Dec 2, 2017by Jim Day, The Guardian Growing number of E-Watch cameras aims to deter crime in P.E.I.'s capital city Charlottetown Police Deputy Chief Brad MacConnell says the E-Watch system is helping to reduce crime in Charlottetown. continued on page 23

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 23 PANS in the community The Charlottetown Police Services use“passive monitoring’’of the cameras, meaning police officers generally will not be watching the camera images in real time unless there is a directed police use to do so. For example, if the police receive a call about someone stealing from cars in the area of an E-Watch camera, then that camera will be used to watch and gather evidence about the suspect until the police arrive on the scene. “Unless there is a reason to view it, people are not viewing it – and that’s a very important part of the strategy,’’ says MacConnell. “But if we have 2,000 or 3,000 people on Queen Street for Farm Day in the City it becomes very important for police to have situational awareness. So we’re always using the cameras at those times to better evaluate the situation.’’ He stresses that E-Watch cameras observe public spaces only, where courts have held there is no reasonable expectation of privacy. “Police have always been very conscious of the expectation of privacy and we believe in that too,’’ says MacConnell. “So where we place the cameras, there is always consideration given to that. We won’t put them where they can view anything that can’t be viewed from the street.’’ Policies and procedures on the use and disclosure of video recording are in accordance with the guidelines established by the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Canada. Audits are conducted periodically to ensure compliance. “Certainly I can say that these cameras are governed very responsibly,’’ says MacConnell. Recordings are kept for 14 days, allowing police to investigate crimes reported within that time period in the areas where the cameras are situated. Recordings will not be reviewed or kept longer if no criminal activity has been reported. McPhail does applaud this practice. Charlottetown Police Services believes the presence of video surveillance cameras can have a positive effect on increasing public safety, adding early detection can lead to crime prevention. It's not the typical traffic disruption, but it is one that's become an annual sight for Charlottetown drivers. Lucy the duck successfully escorted her brood of ducklings across the busy University Avenue this morning with the assistance of the Charlottetown Police Service. Several people also gathered to watch the event and to take photos and videos. Lucy took her ducklings to the nearest wetland, behind the Farmers' Market that's just across the road. For the past eight years, Lucy the black duck has made her nest in the garden centre of the nearby Atlantic Superstore where she eventually lays her eggs. She usually builds her nest in the potted plant section, but has been known to use taller trees for privacy and protection. Many shoppers in the garden centre can pass Lucy by without notice, but her privacy wasn’t all it was “quacked” up to be this year — the Superstore and Ducks Unlimited partnered on a live camera so viewers could watch in anticipation of her baby ducks hatching. Lucy was expected to spend 28 days sitting on her eggs until they hatched, usually in early June. About 24 hours later, city police were alerted to help her and the babies make their move to the Ducks Unlimited Canada-restored wetlands on the other side. As originally published on Jun 6, 2017, The Guardian Why did the ducks cross the road in Charlottetown? continued

24 POLICEASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 902-755-9463 Specializing in Wine & Beer Making Supplies Ferment on Premises • L C Forestry Ltd. Proud Supporter of PANS Ferguson’s Pharmacy Ltd 35 Sterling Road, Glace Bay, NS B1A 3X6 902-849-0500 C. E . FISHER ELECTRIC LTD 4286 HWY #2, SUITE 2A WELLINGTON, NS B2T 1J4 PHONE 902-860-2400 Carson Fisher 899 Hwy 105 Boularderie East Nova Scotia B1X 1J6 (902) 674-2929 1-902-742-7128 Where we celebrate life Villa Saint-Joseph du Lac Nursing Home, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia 9293 Commercial Street, New Minas 81 Peakview Way, Halifax (Larry Uteck) 745 Sackville Drive, Lower Sackville

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 25 PANS in the community The youngest member of the Truro Police Service has skills no other on the force has, and his list of talents recently grew. Four-year-old police service dog (PSD) Onyx, with help from his partner Const. Scott Milbury, is now able to sniff out a variety of drugs. The partners recently completed an eight-week drug detection course. “He was amazing during the training,” said Milbury. “He has so much focus and discipline. His work ethic is second to none and the effort he put into the course is unreal.” They took the course with trainers from the HRM K-9 division, with Onyx sitting and focusing on an area when he found drugs. Time playing with a toy was used to reward him for his work. Until now, other agencies were called in when Truro needed a dog to assist with drug cases. Onyx is also valuable when it comes to public relations. People love to see him and see posts about him online. Onyx came to Canada from Europe and was working with another officer until August 2016. “We spent the first week together just getting to know each other and building a bond,” said Milbury. “We got along right away. “He’s friendly, and he’s focused when he needs to be. He likes to have fun, and work is fun for him too. ” Onyx had already been trained in obedience, human scent, control and aggression, and article searches but he and his new partner trained together for about three months. The dog lives with his partner and his family, and their pet German shepherd, and they’re all very attached to Onyx now. Milbury hopes to work with Onyx until he retires and then keep him as a pet. Originally published on May 4, 2017by Lynn Curwin, Truro Daily News Members of Truro Police K-9 unit complete drug detection training Truro Police Cst. Scott Milbury and police service dog (PSD) Onyx took an eight-week drug detection course. Onyx is now capable of searching for all of the main illegal drugs found in the area. Several children will have special memories, thanks to the Truro Police Service. The service hosted a Holiday Heroes event on Dec. 22, 2017 to provide some young people with a day filled with activities they wouldn’t otherwise experience, but most people take for granted. “I wanted to do something with kids and Christmas for a while and when I brought this idea up it just took off,” said Const. Scott Milbury. “The support from the community has been great.” Truro Police Service partnered with organizations such as the Christmas Index, Boys and Girls Club and Department of Community Services to select children who would benefit from the event. About 50 children were invited to take part in the activities, which included breakfast, crafts, cookie and tree decorating, skating, touch-a-truck, a film and a visit from Santa. “People keep coming up with ideas and it snowballs,” said Leeann MacDonald, a caseworker with community services, who volunteered with the event. “We see kids in situations where they don’t have positive relationships with police. We want to show kids that police are there for all kinds of reasons. It’s also a stressful time of year for anyone, and this was a chance to give something magical to some kids.” Const. Edwin Reynolds said the best part of the day for him was seeing the smiles on children’s faces. The police service hopes Holiday Heroes will be an annual event, growing to allow more children to take part in the future. “It’s a chance to give these kids one day in the holiday season that they won’t forget,” added Milbury. “If there was a way we could help every person who needs help we would do it.” Originally published on Nov 22, 2017by Lynn Curwin, Truro Daily News Truro police spreading holiday cheer for children Some of those involved in the event were K-9 Unit Const. Scott Milbury and Onyx, Leeann MacDonald, a caseworker with community services, and Const. Edwin Reynolds.

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 27 PANS in the community Two Truro police officers tested their skills in one of the largest athletic competitions in the world. Cpl. Robert Hunka and Const. Justin Russell are the first Truro officers to compete in the World Police and Fire Games held in Los Angeles, August 7-16, 2017. “This is considered the second-biggest sporting event, after the Olympics,” said Hunka. “We were fortunate to register and be accepted to participate. About 10,000 people take part.” The games include sports found in many other athletic events, as well as things like submission grappling and pistol and rifle competition. Only full-time law enforcement officers and firefighters are eligible to compete. Hunka and Russell, who are friends and owners of Crossfit Bluenose, both took part in crossfit. Hunka said he was first drawn to crossfit while attending police academy. “It includes weightlifting, gymnastics and metabolic conditioning,”he said. “The format relates closely to what we do in law enforcement. It prepares us for our job. If we’re more fit it’s safer at work for ourselves, our co-workers and the public. “During my first physical altercation as a police officer I recognized the importance of being physically andmentally fit.” Russell said he liked crossfit the first time he tried it. He finds it gives him a chance to be an athlete, be competitive and improve his health. Competition is just a small part of the draw the games have for the men though. “There’s such camaraderie between police and firefighters worldwide,” added Hunka. “It will be nice to interact with other police from around the world. The games are like a theme park for police involved with fitness.” Originally published on Aug 11, 2017, by Lynn Curwin, Truro Daily News Truro officers head to L.A. competition Robert Hunka, left, and Justin Russell are the first Truro Police officers to compete in theWorld Police and Fire Games. Both will compete in crossfit at the games, being held in Los Angeles. ‘Constable Catherine Campbell Kids Awareness Day’ held in Truro Catherine Campbell’s parents were happy to be involved with an event named in honour of their daughter, and they’re looking forward to seeing children enjoying themselves. The ‘Constable Catherine Campbell Kids Awareness Day’ was held in front of the Truro Police Station with games, touch-atruck, draws for bicycle helmets, a barbecue and a visit from Police Dog Onyx. “We’re excited about it and proud to be involved,” said Susan Campbell, Catherine’s mother. “We think this is something Catherine would have liked.” The event ran from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Saturday, May 20, 2017. Originally published on May 18, 2017, by Lynn Curwin, Truro Daily News Some of those involved in planning the ‘Constable Catherine Campbell Kids Awareness Day’ hold the banner up in front of the Truro Police Station. From left to right are Dwight Campbell, Susan Campbell, Sgt Rick Hickox, Debbie Reid, Erin Adams and Deputy Chief Jim Flemming. RESULTS: 2017World Police - CrossFit - Mens - 18-29 Cpl Robert Hunka – 2nd Const Justin Russell – 8th

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PANS in the community POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 29 More than 30 Kings County families are looking forward to a happier Christmas after holiday bundles were dropped off to them. The bundles included clothes, food and toys collected over the previous three weekends by sheriff officers from the Kentville justice centre and members of the Kentville Police Service. The two forces joined up to hold a collection for three hours on Sunday afternoons, setting up their vehicles at one retail outlet in Kentville or NewMinas each day. Deputy sheriffWill Poirier said that at the outset he was hoping for enough donations for 15 needy families but they ended up with enough for 32, including 59 children. It was the first year for the drive, which Poirier said he organized because there are so many families who need help. Once he had the OK from his supervisor to use a sheriff ’s vehicle at the collections, he contacted Kentville police to see if they wanted to help. “There’s no reason why, in our position, we shouldn’t be able to help people,” he said. “That’s what we do. We help people, Kentville police help people. It was nice to see young children coming up to us when we were collecting on Sundays and not be afraid of us. That’s a big thing.” He said there are families struggling across the province. “People have a bit of bad luck going on in their life, and Christmas is a stressful time of year for a lot of people,” he said. “I just felt that we were in a position where we could actually give back to the community. There are a lot of people out there who have a little bad luck, and they just need a bit of help.” He said he was overwhelmed with the response on the first day. “People were coming up and just opening their hearts and spending their hard-earned money and giving it to people they don’t know.” On the second weekend, he said, it was so busy there weren’t enough people to take all the food. “There were lines of people waiting to give us bags of food,”he said. “The people of the Valley really came forward. That’s really heartwarming, to see a community pull together, knowing that there are people out there who need help.” Local businesses also pitched in, Poirier said, and were donating food and toys by the cartload. Const. Angie McWaid with the Kentville Police Service said she has always done something on her own to help support families in need over the holidays, but has wanted to do something on a bigger scale. “When Will approached me, I thought that was a great idea,” she said. “I didn’t think it was going to be this successful.” The response from the public was “phenomenal,” she said. “We live in this amazing community of people who want to help in some way. It’s wonderful.” She said the reaction of people when the bundles were delivered is what Christmas is all about. “It’s exactly what it’s about. When we drop them off you can see they’re overwhelmed, they kind of don’t knowwhat to say, but you know they’re appreciative. That’s what it’s all about, that feeling of helping 59 kids have a better Christmas.” The families that were helped were identified as being in need through the Kings County Family Resource Centre. Executive director Melissa Connell said the centre is usually only able to help 5-10 families every Christmas. “This is amazing. They’ve helped so many more families than we would have been able to otherwise,” she said. She said the families that are helped are grateful. “It does help me to sleep at night knowing that the children will wake up on Christmas morning and have something to play with,” she said. “Then they’re like other kids when they go back to school and (are) able to say ‘I got a gift for Christmas,’ instead of saying nothing when everyone else has their new toys and clothes.” Originally published on Dec 22, 2017, by Ian Fairclough, The Chronicle Herald Kentville police, sheriffs team up to help 32 families

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 31 PANS in the community Charlottetown’s Deputy Police Chief Brad MacConnell hopes last December’s Citizen Police Academy graduation will be the first of many to come. Nineteen Charlottetown residents received certificates at city hall after finishing the three-month course, which aimed to give residents a better understanding of policing. He said the academy also provided police officers with new perspectives. “We hope this is the start of many Citizen Police Academies to come,” MacConnell said before handing out the certificates. “Charlottetown Police Services is always looking for ways to build relationships and partnerships and gain new perspectives on the many diverse communities within our city and province.” MacConnell said he floated the idea of the academy to senior management and the city’s protective services committee earlier last year, with some wondering if there would be enough interest in the program. “I said ‘don’t worry, if we build it they will come.’ And they did,” said MacConnell. While 40 residents applied for the course, police ultimately selected 20. One person had to later leave the program due to his employment. Graduate Omair Imtiaz said the course was eye-opening. “What an amazing experience…when signing up for this, I wasn’t 100 per cent sure what it was all about,” he said. “The gained knowledge and insight is incredible.” The group met for about three hours every Tuesday for 12 weeks to go over a number of aspects in policing from dispatch and community to the basic court process, crime scene forensics, the e-watch program, illegal drug trade and even the emerging outlaw motorcycle gang presence in the province. Imtiaz noted the class also got an inside look at some higher profile cases, including the collaborative police work required in 2016’s “screencutter” investigation. Imtiaz said he was impressed to see how closely the city police works with RCMP to keep the province safe and commended officers for what they do. “The countless hours, who can forget the overtime, missing important family events and holidays… to help keep us safe, that’s what you guys do,” said Imtiaz. “And for that, on behalf of all the cadets and guests in this room, we thank you.” MacConnell also praised the group, whose members he described as committed, respectful and engaging. “I don’t think I could have picked a better group of people for the first citizen police academy. We, as instructors and staff, enjoyed it as much as you guys did,”said MacConnell. “We didn’t just build partnerships, we built friendships along that way. I hope tonight is not the end of our relationship.” Mayor Clifford Lee congratulated graduates while also noting that society often takes for granted the work done by police officers. “Seldom do we thank (police) but folks be assured your work does not go unnoticed,” said Lee, who felt graduates from the program likely now have a better understanding of the challenges and frustrations officers may face. Chief Paul Smith noted that Charlottetown police delivers services from a “community-based” policing concept with the principle that officers must partner with the public. “The citizen police academy is another way to expand that philosophy and to strengthen our partnerships with the broader community,”he said. “The academy provides our citizens not only with an inside look at law enforcement and modern policing, it is also designed to provide participants with the understanding of why the partnership between police and the community is so important.” Originally published on Dec 18, 2017, by Mitch MacDonald, The Guardian Seeing Charlottetown policing from the inside Omair Imtiaz, right, receives a certificate from Charlottetown Deputy Police Chief Brad MacConnell after graduating from the Citizen Police Academy. Imtiaz described the academy as an eyeopening experience that gave him a greater appreciation for the work of law enforcement. Deputy chief hopes to continue Citizen’s Police Academy after initial success

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 33 PANS in the community There’s not a day Staff-Sgt. Randy MacKenzie has regretted on the job – not even the day he was shot at. But after 37 years with Truro Police Service, he decided to retire. He put in his final shift on November 22, 2017. “My grandchildren are kind of the focus now,” he said. “I have one who’s sevenmonths old and one on the way. My wife, Charlene, retired last April and we want to spend time with our grandchildren. “I have a younger brother who died two months ago and it really brought it home how important it is to spend time with family.” MacKenzie was born and raised in Truro and joined the police out of a desire to help others. In 1978 he applied to join the RCMP but was too young and was told to come back in two years. Not wanting to wait, he went to Holland College. He got a summer position with Truro Police in 1979 and a full-time job in early 1980. “Every day there’s something new,” he said. “It’s the challenges, and how we overcame them, that made the career what it’s been. I’ve never been tempted to leave for another job. “I like dealing with people and making a difference in people’s outlook on police.” Chief Dave MacNeil was sad to see MacKenzie go but he’s happy to see him going on to enjoy other parts of his life. “He’s a great officer and a great community member, as well as a friend,” MacNeil said. “He’s pleasant to work with and he’s been a mentor for a lot of people here. He’s a class act and a gentleman, and he treats people with respect. “I’m going to miss him for sure but he put his time in here and he’ll still be around for things.” In 1988 MacKenzie made a successful arrest after being shot at during an incident on Willow Street. He was honoured by being named Police Officer of the Year for the Atlantic Provinces. He’s had no major injuries over the years, and believes, by using a combination of common sense and conversation he’s often made it through situations without putting his hands on anyone. MacKenzie has worked in several areas, including major crime, and has seen many changes in technology, equipment and training, as well as the move to the current building. “This building took us from the stone age to the space age,” he said. “It rejuvenated the whole police service.” He noted another highlight for him was the relationships and partnerships he’s forged over the years. “I’ve got mixed feelings about leaving,” he said. “I still enjoy the job and the people I work with, and if I was 20 I would jump in a police car and do 37 more years, but it’s time to focus on family. “We have a grandchild due in March so we’ll be travelling to Fort Mac, and my seven-month-old granddaughter has stolen my heart. She’s a breath of fresh air.” MacKenzie plans to also continue volunteering with Big BrothersBig Sisters and taking part in blood donor clinics. Originally published on Nov 22, 2017by Lynn Curwin, Truro Daily News With 37 years in, Truro police officer retires “I like dealing with people and making a difference in people’s outlook on police.” After 37 years with the Truro Police Service, Staff-Sgt Randy MacKenzie has decided it’s time to retire. Officers gave a final salute to Staff-Sgt MacKenzie. Staff-Sgt Randy MacKenzie has mixed feelings as he retires

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 35 PANS in the community Congratulations A veteran member of the Truro Police Service is the first woman officer on the town’s force to receive her sergeant’s stripes. Shari Pictou, who joined the department in May 1999 was promoted to sergeant recently along with Robert Hunka, who has been with the force since October 2008. Chief Dave MacNeil said both officers were promoted strictly on their own merits as individuals and based on their police work. And while it is good to have diversity on the department’s leadership team, MacNeil said, Pictou’s promotion was based entirely “on her qualities and her abilities.” “Really, it’s a non-issue for us. She is a great person and she is an excellent police officer. So gender didn’t really have a role to play at all in the promotional process,”MacNeil said. “People see things from different perspectives and bring different backgrounds and things. But her promotion, make no mistake about it, had nothing to do with her being female.” Hunka’s promotion was also based on who he is and what he brings to the department as an individual, the chief said. “He does a great job. He’s very connected to the community, a lot of people know him, he grew up here. “And both of them are looking forward to their new roles, I’m sure, as we are having them as a part of the leadership team.” The two promotions are not new positions but are merely filling vacancies created by retirement. The Truro department has 36 officers, of which five positions are sergeant’s roles. “They’re frontline supervisors. Each shift has a sergeant in charge,”MacNeil said. “They’re the boss. They run the shift.” Such promotions only occur when there are vacancies in the ranks and the chief said successful applicants are selected following a “pretty rigorous process” that includes a résumé component involving education, background, volunteerism and years of service. There is also a written essay component on relevant policing topics and a written examination followed by a face-to-face session with an interview board. “They’re both excellent people first off and very good police officers. They bring lots to the table experience-wise. They’re very good with the public,”MacNeil said. “They get the mission. They get the goals and service, that we are community based. They get along with their fellow officers and they are going to be great leaders in the department.” As originally published on Jan 29, 2018, by Harry Sullivan, Truro Daily News Pictou, Hunka promoted to sergeant with Truro police Sergeants Shari Pictou and Robert Hunka Congratulations