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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 97 his or her ability to drive is impaired by alcohol or drugs; or (ii) the driver registers a BAC of .05% or higher on a breath, blood or urine test. However, Nova Scotia does have a less comprehensive shortterm suspension. If a driver registers a BAC of .05% or more, the police are authorized to request the surrender of his or her licence. Similarly, the police may demand the surrender of the licence of any driver who is charged with impaired driving, driving with a BAC above .08%, or refusing to provide breath or blood samples, without a reasonable excuse. The driver is required to surrender his or her licence, and the police request triggers a licence revocation and a 24-hour suspension. It appears to be police policy to forward a record of the suspension to the Registrar, but not the surrendered licence. There are no standard consequences for accumulating 24-hour suspensions. However, the Registrar does have broad general powers to require a driver to submit to an examination and to successfully complete a driver improvement program. If the police have reasonable and probable grounds to believe, by reason of breath or blood analysis, that a driver has a BAC above .08%, they must seize the driver’s licence. Similarly, they must seize the licence of a driver who they have reasonable and probable grounds to believe has failed to provide a sample without a reasonable excuse. The driver is allowed to drive for 7 days on a temporary licence and is then prohibited from driving for 90 days. Drivers are required to successfully complete an alcohol rehabilitation program prior to reinstatement. There are no prescribed consequences for drivers who accumulate 90-day prohibitions. However, as indicated, the Registrar has broad general powers to require a driver to submit to an examination and to successfully complete a driver improvement program. VEHICLE AND REMEDIAL PROGRAMS: Nova Scotia does not yet have an alcohol interlock program. However, amendments which are currently scheduled to come into force by no later than January 1, 2007, would create a program. Under the proposed amendments, every driver whose licence is revoked or suspended for a federal impaired driving offence, and every driver who receives a 90-day administrative licence suspension, would be required to participate in an alcohol interlock and monitoring program prior to reinstatement. Specific vehicle impoundment legislation was enacted in 1998, but it has still not been proclaimed in force. Under it, the police will be required to detain the vehicle of a person driving while his or her licence or privilege to obtain a licence has been revoked under certain circumstances. The police will then notify the Registrar, who will have the authority to order the vehicle impounded for 90 days for a first occurrence. Nova Scotia legislation does not authorize the forfeiture of a driver’s vehicle. Every driver whose licence is revoked or suspended for a federal impaired driving offence, and every driver who receives a 90-day administrative licence suspension, must participate in a rehabilitation program prior to licence reinstatement. Federal impaired driving offenders who re-offend or receive a 90-day suspension are required to attend an assessment with Addiction Services. continued... ALCOHOL IS ALCOHOL. DON’T DRINK AND DRIVE. (...Rating the Provinces continued)

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