2 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Pitney Bowes Canada 133 Ilsley Avenue, Unit M, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B3B 1S9 T: 902.481.4006 . F: 902.425.3282 ThePublic Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC) applauds the efforts of the Police Association of Nova Scotia to educate children and inform the public about heinous crimes. As a social justice oriented union, PSACsupports initiatives that address those who are victimized in society. PSACmembers work towards safe workplaces and safe communities in which we all can flourish.

10 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 1663 Brunswick St., Suite 200 Halifax, NS B3J 2G3 902.420.1786 Proud to support PANS Khattar & Khattar Barristers & Solicitors 378 Charlotte Street Sydney, Nova Scotia B1P- 1E2 902-539-9696 1-888-542-8827 Serving Cape Breton since 1936 A Full Service Law Firm 5991 Spring Garden Rd. Suite 800 Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 1Y6 Bill Luedey Vice President 902 482-3642 Fax 902 450-1274 Services Group Insurance Consulting Benefit Plans Worksite Wellness Programs Providing Atlantic Canada With Quality Corrugated Packaging Since 1931 Premium White Standard Containers High Graphics Full Range of Services CAD/CAM Graphic Design Packaging Analysis Diecutting Specialty Folding Wax Cascading Call Us Today At 1-800-565-5353 Or Visit Our Website MARITIME PAPER PRODUCTS LIMITED We’re Packaging Innovation.

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 5 Impaired Driving 39 The Responsible Host 41 Blood Alcohol Limits: Canada and the World 43 Groundbreaking Research on DUI Offenders 47 Alcohol-Crash Stats 49 Why Have Impaired Driving Charges Dropped? 51 Drunk Driving Quiz 53 Progress and Problems 57 How Pot Affects Driving 63 Ignition Interlock 65 If You’ve Been Drinking, You Have Options 67 Low BAC Drivers and the Law 69 Would a Lower Criminal BAC Save Lives? 75 A Hard Nut to Crack 77 MADD Canada: News Release 81 Youth and Impaired Driving in Canada 85 Rating the Provinces 91 NS Gov’t: Road Safety Campaign Launched 99 Alcohol is Alcohol 101 Crime, Punishment and Safety 105 Drugs and the Older Driver 111 Table of Contents 38th Annual Crime Prevention Guide POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Thank You from PANS 1 About PANS 3 Publisher’s Page 7 43rd Annual PANS Conference 9 Long Service Awards 17 Traffic Study Indicates Cell Phones Still Abused 21 Truro Cops Cruisin’ in Style 21 Keep a Sharp Eye 23 Operation Impact 23 Police Training Costs Time and Money 25 Area Police Plan to Step Up Traffic Patrols 27 Charlottetown Police Choir 27 Heading Back to School 29 Tim Hortons All Stars Farewell Tour 31 ADVERTISER’S INDEX 126 ARTICLES OF INTEREST FROM AROUND THE PROVINCE… IMPAIRED DRIVING AWARENESS & PREVENTION INFORMATION…

6 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA To locate an insurance broker closest to you, please visit our web site at: or for more information please call our office: 902-876-0526 Insurance Brokers’ Association of Nova Scotia Your best insurance is an insurance broker.

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 7 From the Publisher Ma r k e t i n g S e r v i c e s ( A t l . ) L t d . “Providing quality, professional marketing and fund raising services on behalf of high-profile, non-profit organizations.” This guide was proudly assembled and published by Fenety Marketing Services, with the help and co-operation of the Police Association of Nova Scotia. w w w . f e n e t y . c o m 1-800-561-4422 This 38th Annual Police Association of Nova Scotia Crime Prevention Guide focuses on the topic of Impaired Driving. Each year, PANS publishes these Crime Prevention Guides as a result of financial contributions from both residents of the province and business owners. With their generous support of our annual campaign, PANS is able to give back to their communities through donations to various local charities and youth-oriented programs, in an effort to keep our youth from experiencing the negative effects of many of the topics discussed in these annual guides. On behalf of PANS, I would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank each and every contributor to our 2008 Telephone Appeal, which allowed us to publish this Crime Prevention Guide. This unique publication is distributed free-of-charge each year to schools, libraries and public facilities, and it is also available online at the PANS Guide website, making it easily accessible to everyone. Your comments or suggestions are always welcome regarding these publications, and we look forward to speaking with you again this year during our Annual Telephone Appeal. Sincerely, Mark T. Fenety President Fenety Marketing Services

8 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA ESKASONI BAND COUNCIL BOX 7040 ESKASONI, NOVA SCOTIA B1W 1A1 TELEPHONE: (902) 379-2800 Proud supporter of the Police Association of Nova Scotia Visit us at …

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 9 43RD Annual PANS Conference From left to right: Linda Redden (Administrator PANS), Ed Joyce & Joe Ross. Mr. Joyce is being presented with a photograph of himself as one of the oldest police officers to drive a “Paddy Wagon.” Mr. Joyce & Mr. Ross are retired and attended the Conference as Honorary Guests. Held in Coldbrook, Nova Scotia Linda Redden (left) presenting Doris Harkness with a dozen roses. Doris is the wife of the late Sgt. Len Harkness, who was one of the founding members of PANS. In attendance: Mr. & Mrs. Rick Blouin (Kentville Police Service). George Dunfee & Wilfred Andrews, Kentville Police Service. continued...

4 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Days Inn - Dartmouth Highway 111, exit 3, 20 Highfield Park Drive, Dartmouth, NS Phone: (902) 465-6555 Fax: (902) 469-0868 Toll Free: 1-877-466-6555 • Laundry Facilities • Complimentary Local Calls • Complimentary High Speed Internet • On-site Restaurant • Fitness Centre • Complimentary Parking

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 11 43RD Annual PANS Conference Bryan Morrison (MC for the event) thanking Mr. Ross for his long standing career with PANS spanning over 50 years. Mr. Morrison is a past member of the Kentville Police Service. Held in Coldbrook, Nova Scotia Left to right: Chief Delaney Chisholm (New Glasgow), Mr. Joe Ross - Honorary Guest, Chief Bob White (Trenton). Both Chiefs are presenting a gift to Mr. Ross at his Retirement Dinner on behalf of the members in Pictou County. Presentations made to Joe Ross from Paul LeBlanc (Tim Hortons All Stars Hockey Team) and Mark Fenety (Fenety Marketing) at Mr. Rossʼ official Retirement Dinner during the 43rd Annual PANS Conference. Left to right: Linda Redden, presenting Sgt. Wayne Flynn with an award for his years of service in policing. Sgt. Flynn is recently retired from the Police Service. (...continued) continued...

12 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA EAST SIDE FISHERIES LTD. Telephone N.S. (902) 762-2170 Fax: (902) 762-2666 Email: Main Office: Lower East Pubnico, N.S. B0W 2A0 SEAFOOD DEALER HERMAN LEBLANC TERRY LEBLANC The Town of Digby is proud to support PANS LUND SELF STORAGE UNITS LTD. 645 Keltic Dr., Sydney Ph 567-0473 Ph 578-5566 Office 28 Cape Court Sydney, N.S. P.O. BOX 283 SYDNEY, N.S. B1P 6H1 Tel.: (902) 567-0473 Fax: (902) 562-3673 BRIAN LUND Owner Cell.: (902) 578-5566

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 13 43RD Annual PANS Conference The Board of Directors of PANS at the 43rd Annual PANS Conference presenting Mr. Joe Ross with an award for his 50 years in policing and as Executive Director of PANS. Held in Coldbrook, Nova Scotia Sgt. Kelly Oickle (Westville Police Service) making a special presentation to Mr. Ross on behalf of the members in Westville. Deputy Chief Eric MacNeil and Chief Delaney Chisholm presenting a gift of “Thanks” from the members of the New Glasgow Police Services. Wilfred Andrews, (area director PANS) and member of the Kentville Police Service, making a presentation to Mr. Ross on behalf of the members in Kentville. (...continued) continued...

14 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 299 Rocky Lake Dr. Unit 12 Bedford, NS B4A 2T3 902.835.2073 SKIPPER FISHERIES LTD. (902) 762-2888 BOX 149 WEST PUBNICO YARMOUTH COUNTY ABBOTTS HARBOUR B0W 3S0 Residential & Commercial Roofing Professional Installations • Cedar Shingle Roofing Pro’s • Replacement & Repair • Flat Roofing with Modified Bitumen 20 Year + Warranty • Shingled Roofing All Types - 30 - 50 Year Warranty • Chimney Replacement - Flashing • Rain Gutters • Sky Lights • Senior Discounts • Free Estimates Maritime Provinces ICT GROUP INC 690 East River Road New Glasgow, NS B2H 3S1 Phone: 902-755-9050 Fax: 902-755-9059 Email: RecruitingNG@ICTGROUP.COM

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 15 43RD Annual PANS Conference From left to right: Staff Sergeant Scott White (Amherst Police Service); Sgt. Wilfred Andrews (Kentville Police Service); and Sergeants Bill Blakney, Aubrey Armsworthy & David Lepper (Amherst Police Service). This Amherst Team of golfers were one of the winners at the Annual PANS Conference Golf Tournament. Held in Coldbrook, Nova Scotia Members of the Amherst Police Service Mr. and Mrs. Ward Beck (Bridgewater Police Service) The winners of the Annual PANS Golf Tournament hosted by the Kentville Police Association held during the 43rd Annual PANS Conference this year in Coldbrook. Left to right: members of the Kentville Police Service. (...continued)

16 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 562-7500 Open Mon – Sat 5:00 – 9:00 Located at the Delta Sydney 300 Esplanade Street, Sydney, Nova Scotia Casual atmosphere, harbour view, elegant dining. Menu features: fish, steaks, pork, pasta, chicken, sandwiches.

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 17 Long-Service Awards NEW GLASGOW POLICE SERVICE Members of the New Glasgow Police Service receiving “Long Service Awards” for their years of service in policing. Left to right: Cst. Anthony Thomas, Sgt. Donald McDavid, Deputy Chief Eric MacNeil, Cpl. Steve Curley and Sgt. Kevin Scott.

18 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Phone: (902) 861-3823 Toll Free 1-866-861-3823 Fax: (902) 860-0255 Toll Free 1-866-399 FIRE Email: Website: P.O. Box 8097 Eskasoni, NS B1W 1C2 902.379.2024 fro fr m ie a nd

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 19 Local Police Officers Honoured 28 LOCAL OFFICERS RECEIVE LONG-SERVICE AWARDS IN HALIFAX By Jennifer Vardy Little STELLARTON – It was Oct. 14, 1971. It wasn’t a day that went down in history, but it’s a moment in time that inspector Hugh Muir will never forget. For weeks before, he’d sat in the passenger seat of a police cruiser, watching and learning from an experienced officer. But on that day 37 years ago, Muir sat in the driver’s seat and headed out on the streets of Toronto by himself. “I remember it was a very busy day – nothing really of consequence, but it was a day of pride for me,” Muir recalled. “There I was, a young fellow from a small town in Nova Scotia, driving around on my own in the big Several Pictou County officers were honoured Tuesday in Halifax by the justice minister. Some of the 25-year award recipients include, from left, in front: Westville Police Chief Don Hussher, Stellarton Inspector Hugh Muir and New Glasgow Police Chief Delaney Chisholm. In the middle row are: New Glasgow Sgt. Duane Rutledge, Westville Sgt. Robert Stewart and Trenton Police Chief Bob White. In the back are: Westville Sgt. Howard Dunbar, Westville Const. Robert Chisholm and Trenton Const. Hughie Palmer. CNS Photo “These inaugural awards recognize our longest-serving members who deserve our support and thanks for their public service.” Premier Rodney MacDonald streets of Toronto. I’d driven around before, but it was the first time I was in charge of the vehicle and making all the decisions and couldn’t look across the seat to a senior man or woman and ask what they’d do.” Back then, police officers only had to be five foot 10 and have a Grade 12 education. Now, of course, that’s all changed, Muir said, where the emphasis is more on brains than brawn. Trenton Police Chief Bob White was one of a dying breed of officers who joined the police force by walking in off the street. It’s something that would never happen today, but previously, they’d be hired first and trained later. Police work has changed over the years as well, says the 38-year veteran officer. Over the past few decades, scientific innovations like DNA have opened new doors, while co-operation between agencies has changed the scope of the job. “There’s a lot more co-operation and support now,” says White. “Between departments, between children’s aid, victim’s services, the court – and many more. Years ago, you didn’t share that information, like you do today. That’s what gets the job done today.” On Tuesday, Muir and White were among 28 Pictou County police officers to receive long-service awards at a ceremony in Halifax. “These inaugural awards recognize our l o n g e s t - s e r v i n g members who deserve our support and thanks for their public service,” said Premier Rodney MacDonald. The provincial program recognized officers who have served in the province for 15 and 25 straight years. It also represents years of dedication said New Glasgow Police Chief Delaney Chisholm, who has 35 years of service. “It’s certainly a privilege to be honoured for long service by the province,” said Chisholm. “You don’t get into police with the aspiration of getting a medal – you do it with the hope that you can help people, just make some little difference in society.” And the recipients are… 15-YEAR RECIPIENTS: New Glasgow Police Service Sergeant Blair Bannerman Sergeant Stephen Joseph Chisholm Corporal Stephen J. Curley Constable Frederick Gordon Rutledge Sergeant Kevin Thomas Scott Stellarton Police Service Sergeant Paul Douglas Pentz Trenton Police Service Constable Bruce MacPhee Sergeant Walter Smith Westville Police Service Constable Kenneth Robert Paquet Constable George Arthur Phillips 25-YEAR RECIPIENTS: New Glasgow Police Service Chief James Delaney Chisholm Sergeant Joseph Anthony DiPersio Deputy Chief Eric Roy MacNeil Sergeant Donald Sifton McDavid Sergeant Duane Malcolm Rutledge Stellarton Police Service Sergeant Wayne M. Crane Chief Ambrose James Heighton Inspector Hugh Robert Muir Sergeant G. Wayne Pembleton Trenton Police Service Constable Hughie J. Palmer Sergeant John D. Walsh Chief Robert G. White Westville Police Service Constable Robert Anthony Chisholm Sergeant Howard James Dunbar Chief Donald Edward Hussher Constable Kelly Wayne Oickle Sergeant Robert Wayne Stewart “You don’t get into police work with the aspiration of getting a medal – you do it with the hope that you can help people, just make some little difference in society.” New Glasgow Police Chief Delaney Chisholm Originally Published Friday, October 24, 2008 The News

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 21 Traffic Study Indicates Cell Phones Still Abused By Debbi Harvie When the new cell phone ban came into effect April 1, prohibiting motorists in Nova Scotia from using a hand held cellular device while driving, many motorists began abiding by the new law. A recent survey on East River Road in New Glasgow, however, indicates that four months later, people are less conscious about abiding by the law. “The number of cell phone infractions has increased; it may simply be due to the fact that people think they won’t get caught, they think it’s not being enforced or they have just forgotten about the law and it is a habit, as common as turning on the stereo in the car,” says Const. Ken MacDonald of New Glasgow Police Service. The survey was conducted by summer students at New Glasgow Police Service. The survey, over four days last month at a busy intersection involved one hour each day during the lunchtime rush. Students counted the number of vehicles driving through the intersection and recorded the number of drivers using their handheld cell phones while driving. Out of a little more than 3,000 vehicles, 56 people over the four days were recorded using the devices while driving. Originally Published August 6, 2008 Pictou Advocate Truro Cops Cruisin’ in Style Vehicles win second place in beauty contest Truro police service’s cruisers came in second for best looking police vehicle in a national contest featured in Blue Line Magazine, a monthly law-enforcement publication. “My Assistant put the magazine on my desk Monday and pointed out the contest,” Truro Police Chief David MacNeil said. “I said our new detailing on our cruisers was just as good as the first-place winner, and my assistant agreed.” He paused. “Then we opened the magazine and saw our vehicles were tied for second place across Canada,” Chief MacNeil said with a laugh. The Truro cruiser’s white body with swooping black and blue lines across the sides tied with the Sûreté du Québec vehicle, and the first-place winner was the York Regional Police (Ontario) cruiser. The Quebec and Ontario designs also incorporate bands of colour as distinguishing marks. “Truro was recognized for its sweeping graphic design and excellent use of a drop-shadow effect while still maintaining readability,” the article says. The design was devised with help from a local sign company, Vi-Tech Signs. “They did a really good job on the vehicles, and we’re really pleased with the design,” Chief MacNeil said. By Mary Ellen MacIntyre Truro Bureau “That’s a very high number in terms of traffic safety,” says MacDonald. MacDonald says the reason the law was put into place was because cell phones have been attributed to causing motor vehicle collisions because they cause a distraction for the driver. “The Highway Safety Research Center conducts traffic studies across North America and found people using cellular devices are two times as likely to be involved in a motor vehicle collision than someone not on a cell phone because it creates a distraction,” says MacDonald. He says many people will come to a stop sign and begin talking on their cells. Although the car is not in motion, it doesn’t mean you can use your phone at a light or stop sign. “We encourage people to pull to the side of the road when and where it is safe,” he says. Under the MVA, a first offense for using a handheld cell phone while driving is a fine in the amount of $164.50, a second offence is $222 and a third and subsequent offences are $337.

22 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA P.O. Box 395 North Sydney, N.S. B2A 3M4 BRIMAC ROOFING BUILT UP ROOFING SHEET METAL COMMERCIAL RESIDENTIAL 397 Villa, Bras D’Or B1Y 2Z2 OFFICE: 736-2617 FAX: 736-6149 CAMERON GRACIE 736-7225 Thank you for serving and protecting us in the community we live in. We value and appreciate each and every one of you. Compliments of: BURNSIDE REALTY LIMITED 1000 WINDMILL, SUITE #12 DARTMOUTH, NOVA SCOTIA B3B 1J4 JOHN KITZ TEL: (902) 468-2744 FAX: (902) 468-2293

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 23 Originally Published Friday October 24, 2008 KEEP A SHARP EYE Allan Paquet, right, senior analyst for the Bank of Canada, holds two Canadian $20 notes, one counterfeit and the other legitimate. Heading into the Christmas shopping season, Paquet said the bank is advising consumers and retailers to be aware of counterfeiting and the security features on modern Canadian currency. At left is Const. Ken MacDonald of the New Glasgow Police Service. MacDonald said more than $1,000 in fake cash was intercepted by local police last year, mostly in small denominations of $20 or less. However, Paquet said with counterfeiting, the denominations change from year to year. Sean Kelly – The News The Advocate, Wednesday, October 15, 2008 New Glasgow Police Service’s traffic unit were out in full force Thanksgiving weekend making sure the holiday weekend was as safe as possible. Operation Impact began Friday morning and continued throughout the weekend at six different locations and will continue through the month of October, reminding people to wear their seat belts and drive safe. From left are Const. Chris Pitts and Sgt. Kevin Scott checking the inspection sticker and plates while Const. Ken MacDonald greets a car on the opposite side of the road. Over the weekend, New Glasgow police charged eight people with seat bet infractions, four with speeding, three for not having motor vehicle inspections, two for driving unregistered vehicles and two for smoking in a vehicle with a child (under the Smoke Free Places Act). OPERATION IMPACT

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POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 25 POLICE TRAINING COSTS TIME AND MONEY By Frank Zakem commentary I am old enough to remember that in order to get hired on the city police force, you had to be over 200 pounds, be a good hockey player and have a connection at City Hall. Thankfully things have changed over the years. Policing has become an important profession that requires unique qualifications of those desiring to enter the field. When I was elected to city council in 1964, training for police officers in the region was inadequate. Police officers were often trained on the job or through short courses arranged by their departments. At the annual meeting of the Maritime Provinces Chamber of Commerce in Charlottetown in June of 1970, the chief of police for te City of Chatham, N.B., Dan Allan, put forward a resolution asking that support be given to establish formal training for police officers in the region. I represented the city at the chamber meeting and I became very interested and excited with Chief Allan’s resolution and the support the chamber gave. I was chair of the police committee at the time. Chief Sterns Webster and I were quite anxious to provide our police some formal training. I joined Holland College in 1970 to set up the business administration program. Chief Webster and I approached Dr. Glendenning and discussed police training and Chief Allan’s resolution. We invited Chief Allan to the college to discuss his vision, an advisory committee of the police was established, and an analysis of the skills required for municipal policing were identified. The college moved quickly. It hired W.J.R (Mac) MacDonald who was able to professionally put together a one-year program. In february 1971, The First 15 students, including three females, began their training in the new police technology program at Holland College. The police program went through a lot of ‘growing pains’ but eventually became the Atlantic Police Academy funded by the four provinces and is now recognized by the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police and the Canadian Professional Police Association. I was prompted to write this letter when I read that the Charlottetown Police Report identified that the police required more training. If you read the courses required for the current cadet program you will find the following outline: •Police vehicle operation and speed measurement devices. •Police reporting systems and computer literacy. •Occupational safety for police. •Intervention and use of force: restraints and intermediate weapons. •Judgmental use of force simulation training. •Police firearm proficiency and tactical training. •Police physical abilities development. •On the job training workplace experience program. •Law; criminal code and Federal Statues 1 and 2. •Principals of traffic services. •Psychology: Police applied social sciences. •Sociology: Police applied social sciences and community based policing. •Criminal investigations 1 and 2. This seems like a very comprehensive program and should produce a good qualified police officer. I could be wrong, but the problem, as I see it, is that this is only a 25-week program and 10 of those weeks are on-the-job training. That leaves 15 weeks for all the other courses. There is no way you can do justice to the profession in 25 weeks. My recollection is that our first cadet program was a one-year program. Even that was too short 37 years ago. With more complex problems in our society such as drug problems, family breakdown and disputes, sensitivity to our diverse population and the importance of communications between the police and the public, one would think that the 25 week program for police training would be far from adequate. One of the big problems is the cost of training. It costs $16,250 tuition. Add on room and board and the total comes to almost $25,000. Double the time of the training and you can almost double the cost of training. Next to our family, church and school, the police profession will likely have the most impact on our daily lives. We owe it to our citizens to have a well-trained proficient police department and we owe it to our police to ensure they have the opportunity to keep up and improve their skills. It’s time to think outside the box to see how the 25week cadet program can be expanded to allow the cadets more time to cover their courses. At the same time there should be, if it is not already in place, an in-house refresher course to help our police to keep abreast of the latest advances in the police field. Frank Zakem is a former Mayor of Charlottetown. Originally Published Tuesday, March 31, 2009 The Guardian Next to our family, church and school, the police profession will likely have the most impact on our daily lives I D.A.R.E. you Constable Gary Clow accepts a donation from Blair Cutcliff, Charlottetown Y’s Men’s Club. The Y’s Men’s Club made a $2000 donation towards the Drug Abuse R e s i s t a n c e E d u c a t i o n ( D . A . R . E . ) program for elementary school Grade 6 students.

26 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 121 Ilsley Ave., Unit L Dartmouth, N.S. B3B 1S4 Tel. 902-468-6089 Fax. 902-468-3202 1535 Dresden Row, Suite 207 Halifax, N.S. B3J 3T1 Telephone: (902) 832-9411 Fax: (902) 832-9422

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 27 Area police plan to step up traffic patrols as students head back to school New Glasgow – While dropping your child off at school next week don’t be surprised if you get a tap on your window by a man or woman in uniform. With the start of the school year comes an increase in the number of pedestrians and vehicles on the road You may notice over the next couple weeks an increase in police presence in and around schools. Extra police will be assigned to monitor school zones, handing out tickets to motorists who fail to yield to school buses and crosswalks. It is all part of the launch of New Glasgow Police Service’s Operation School Zone Safety. “The safety of students returning to school is our top priority this time of year,” says New Glasgow police officer Const. Ken MacDonald. “The public hasn’t seen a school bus in two months, so there is bound to be some violations.” In fact, a 2006 study by Nova Scotia Safety Council revealed 401 incidents where a motorist passed a bus illegally over a 10 day-period. “That’s a huge number,” says MacDonald. Under the Motor Vehicle Act, failing to stop for flashing red school bus has a first offence fine of $394.50, which increases to $682 for the second offence and $1,257 for the third and subsequent offenses. There’s a $279.50 fine for motorists found to exceed the 50 kilometer speed limit through a school zone. “The probability of an accident happening sharply increases with the start of the school,” says MacDonald. “So be on the lookout and pay closer attention when in areas populated by students.” By Sarah Regan The News Fast facts about back to school traffic Number of bus runs a day in Nova Scotia: . . . . . 4,447 Number of students transported daily: . . . . . . . . 95,969 Kilometers traveled daily: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163,348 (close to 30 million annually) Source – Nova Scotia Safety Council Const. Graham Purvis will be among officers assigned to monitor school zones next week, issuing tickets to motorists who fail to yield to school buses. As originally published August, 2008 THE CHARLOTTETOWN POLICE CHOIR PARTICIPATING IN THE CANADIAN POLICE ANNUAL MEMORIAL SERVICE HELD AT PARLIAMENT HILL IN OTTAWA

28 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Lifelong Learning – Developing Our Full Potential MAIN OFFICE 275 George Street, Sydney, NS B1P 1J7 Tel: (902) 564-8293 Fax: 564-0123 (Educational) Fax: 562-6814 (Business) Website: Cape BretonVictoria Regional School Board J’inscris mon enfant au Conseil scolaire acadien provincial Le mandat du CSAPest d’offrir une éducation en français langue première, reconnue pour son excellence. Les principes d'enseignement du CSAPreposent sur la pédagogie qui promeut la responsabilité de l'élève tout en assurant un encadrement pédagogique solide. Au CSAP, l'atteinte des résultats d'apprentissage s'articule principalement autour des sept domaines suivants : la langue et la culture françaises, l'expression artistique, le civisme, la communication, le développement personnel, la résolution de problèmes et les compétences en technologie. BUREAUX ADMINISTRATIFS : Siège social C.P. 88, Saulnierville , N.-É. B0W 2Z0 Téléphone : 902-769-5460 Télécopieur : 902-769-5461 Région Sud-Ouest 9248, Route 1, Meteghan River, N.-É. Téléphone : 902-769-5480 Télécopieur : 902-769-5481 Région centrale 199, avenue du Portage, Dartmouth, N.-É. B2X 3T4 Téléphone : 902-433-7045 Télécopieur : 902-433-7044 Région Nord-Est C.P. 100, Petit-de-Grat, N.-É. B0E 2L0 Téléphone : 902-226-5230 T Télécopieur. : 902-226-5231 Vi s i t ez no t re Si t e Web à l ’adres s e s ui v ant e : ht t p : / / cs ap . ednet . ns . ca Vous y trouverez une gamme de renseignements sur le fonctionnement du CSAP.

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 29 HEADING BACK TO SCHOOL By Sarah Regan The News New Glasgow - Students at North Nova Education Centre will notice a new addition to their community as they make their way back to class today. A police officer has been assigned to the high school full time. Const. Rebecca Heighton, who has served with the New Glasgow Police Service for the past two years, is the new school resource officer. Heighton’s job is to educate, mentor, counsel and advise students on police-related matters. She will also coach the girl’s hockey team and assist in intramural sports. “I’m really excited to start,” says Heighton. “I got to have lunch with a few of the students yesterday and got the impression from them they are looking forward to having an officer around to answer any law related questions they may have.” Heighton’s first day will be today. She will be introduced to faculty and staff during an assembly Friday. She will also work as a resource officer for the feeder school at New Glasgow Junior High and the Adult High School. “Rebecca is actually a perfect fit for this position,” says Con st. Ken MacDonald, New Glasgow Police Service. “She is eager to work with youth, which is why she was chosen.” Heighton is the ‘first police officer in Pictou County to be assigned to work at a school full time. Funding for her position came from the Department of Justice’s commitment to put at least one police officer in all municipalities as part of the Boots to the Streets program. “Const. Heighton is going to be very much a part of our school,” says principal Eileen English. “I think it will give students a chance see a police officer in a different light. Plus, maybe she can help when we have parking issues.” Const. Rebecca Heighton is the new school resource officer at North Nova Education Centre. She is the first officer in Pictou County to be appointed to a school full time. In preparation for the start of the school year, RCMP have assigned part time school liaison officers to each of the 13 schools policed by the RCMP within Pictou County and the Town of Pictou. The 18 RCMP members, including two DARE officers, will work to strengthen the relationship between police and youth.

30 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Always Working to Save You Money!

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 31 Tim Hortons All Stars vs. PANS All Stars For fifteen years, the Tim Hortons All Stars have toured communities across the Atlantic provinces to play exhibition hockey games against local police departments, raising funds for the police association’s activities and local charities. Sadly, they decided to hang up their skates, so this past season was their Farewell Tour. PANS would like to sincerely thank the Tim Hortons All Stars for the opportunity of assembling their own All Star team to battle the Tim Hortons All Stars on a number of occasions over the past 13 years, and helping PANS to raise over $300,000 for communities across Nova Scotia! Some of the charities that have benefitted from these games are… Annapolis Valley M.A.D.D. Chapter Canadian Cancer Society Canadian Diabetes Association Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian National Institute for the Blind Canadian Paraplegic Association Cape Breton Transition House Children’s Wish Foundation Colchester Community Workshop Foundation Colchester Ground Search & Rescue D.A.R.E. Program Eastern Kings on the Move Youth Program Feed Nova Scotia Fidelis House Kings County SPCA Paediatric Unit Cape Breton Regional Hospital Palliative Care Unit of the Aberdeen Hospital Pictou County Food Bank Pictou County Fuel Fund Queen Elizabeth Hospital Foundation Salvation Army Snap Buckle & Drive Car Seat Safety Program Tearman House Tim Horton Children’s Foundation Truro Figure Skating Club Victoria Park Outdoor Swimming Pool Fund THANK YOU, Tim Hortons All Stars, for making this all possible!

32 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Atlantic Canadaʼs Site for Premium Seafood at Wholesale Pricing Worldlink Food Distributors Proud to support PANS To the Police Association of Nova Scotia: Thank you for providing the highest quality police service to all Nova Scotia residents and visitors. Best wishes for another successful year! MORNEAU SOBECO HUMAN RESOURCE AND ACTUARIAL CONSULTANTS Calgary • Fredericton • Halifax London • Montreal • Quebec St. John’s • Toronto • Vancouver Tax Free Shopping MI’KMAQ G a s & C o n v e n i e n c e Membertou Street Sydney NS

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 33 The 11th Annual Benefit Game in Wolfville on January 22, 2009 raised over $7,000, allowing PANS to make generous contributions to such organizations as the Annapolis Valley M.A.D.D. Chapterand the Tim Horton Children's Foundation.

34 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 104 Starrs Rd. Yarmouth, NS B5A 2T5 Proud supporters of Police Association of Nova Scotia Dickinson Bros. RR#3, Southampton Cumberland County, Nova Scotia B0M 1W0 Proud to be part of the NS Agricultural Community as producers of maple, strawberries & blueberries. BUY LOCAL PRODUCTS Phone: Fax: (902) 546-2342 (902) 546-2787 email: MLA Pat Dunn Pictou Centre For assistance, please call 752-3646 138 Campbell Street, New Glasgow, NS B2H 5Y1 Proud to Support PANS House of Assembly Nova Scotia

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 35 The 10th Annual Benefit Hockey Game in New Glasgow on February 4, 2009 raised over $6,000 in proceeds, enabling PANS to give a generous contributions to the Salvation Army, Pictou County Fuel Fund and the Tim Horton Children's Foundation. Farewell Tour! New Glasgow Game

36 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA The 1300 + members of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, local 625 supports the efforts of the PANS to raise the awareness level of the public to the terrible toll drinking and driving takes on our highways. Please drink responsibility and designate a driver. Serving the Electrical Industry for over 100 years. I.B.E.W. - The Union of Hearts and Minds 58 McQuade Lake Crescent, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3S 1G8 Ph: 902-450-5625 1395 Blair Lake Road, RR#6 P.O. Box 428 Amherst,, NS B4H 3Y4 Scrap Metal New & Used Structural JOHN ROSS & SONS LTD. 7 Cummane Street, Truro, N.S. P.O. Box 841 Truro, N.S. B2N 5G6 Bus: (902) 893-9429 Fax: (902) 893-9420

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 37 The 13th Annual Benefit Game in Halifax on March 25, 2009, was another tremendous success with over $12,500 in proceeds raised, allowing PANS to donate $4,000 to Feed Nova Scotia, whose immediate goal is to respond to people’s hunger, and $1,000 to the Tim Horton Children’s Foundation.

38 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA AMBROSE J. HEIGHTON CHIEF OF POLICE TOWN OF STELLARTON 250 Foord St., P.O. Box 609 Stellarton, NS B0K 1S0 (902) 752-6160 Office (902) 752-4101 Fax chuckwagon freight 582-7109 Canning, NS Come Home for Lunch 396 Welton St., Sydney 272B Prince St., Sydney 45 Weatherbee Rd., Sydney 479 George St., Sydney 197 Charlotte St., Sydney 547 Grand Lake Road 915 Victoria Rd., Whitney Pier 100 McKeen St., Glace Bay 29 Commercial St., Dominion 225 Commercial St., Glace Bay 2249 Reserve st., Reserve Mines 300 Plummer Ave., New Waterford Mayflower Mall, Sydney Glace Bay Hwy, Glace Bay 1058 Kings Road, Sydney Cape Breton Shopping Centre, Sydney 1269 Kings Road, Sydney Howie Centre, Sydney 106 King St. North Sydney 7 Blower St., North Sydney 366 Park Road, Brad D’or “Getting Better Everyday” 7001 Mumford Road Tower 1 Halifax NS B3L 4W4 (902) 454-7990 354 Main St. Kentville, NS B4N 1K6 902.679.2500 Town of Kentville Thank you for supporting our advertisers

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 39 Impaired Driving The Facts: Impaired driving contributes significantly to injury and loss of life. It is a leading criminal cause of death in Canada. Over 34% of motor vehicle fatalities involve alcohol. Direct and indirect costs of alcohol-related crashes in Canada are estimated to be $7.52 billion annually. The operation of any motorized vehicle in Canada legally requires the driver have a blood alcohol concentration under the legal limit of .08 %. Results of a MADD Canada survey showed that 78% of Canadians personally have known someone who has driven a vehicle when they thought they were over the legal limit and 4 out of 10 Canadians acknowledge that they have driven a vehicle when they believe that they were legally impaired. That Was An Expensive Drink! (penalties and fines) Impaired driving can not only have deadly effects and cause suffering of individuals and their families, but perhaps not so well-known is the actual cost to an impaired driver who is convicted for even a first offense. The following information, taken from the Ministry of Transportationís “Break The Law Pay The Price” brochure (2003), itemizes the costs involved in an impaired driving conviction: PUBLIC HEALTH Grey Bruce Hea l th Uni t ITEM COST LEGAL COSTS (estimated range) $2000 - $10000 CRIMINAL CODE FINE $600 Back on track PROGRAM $475 LICENSE REINSTATEMENT FEE $100 INCREASED INSURANCE (estimate) $9000 ($3000 extra per year for 3 years) IGNITION INTERLOCK $1300 TOTAL MINIMUM COST* $13475 (plus applicable taxes on some items) ACTUAL COSTS MAY BE HIGHER *Other potential costs include property damage, loss of employment income and insured and uninsured medical costs. Ontario leads the way in combating drinking and driving through some of the toughest laws and programs in North America, including: • Immediate license suspension • Stiff fines • Longer suspension periods • Mandatory alcohol education and treatment program • Vehicle impoundment • Ignition Interlock program (taken from MTO “Break The Law Pay The Price” brochure, 2003)

40 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA NAPWICK HOLDINGS L I M I T E D P.O. Box 100 Truro, NS B2N 5B6 (902) 895-1551 71 Wright Ave. Burnside Dartmouth, N.S. B3B 1H4 Tel: (902) 835-4848 Fax: (902) 835-6269 Website: Lot Sales - Rentals Ph 902-679-1443 Fax 679-0170 e-mail: pat.giffin@ns.sympatico THE GIFFIN GROUP Providing Real Estate Developments since 1970 Northkent Estates - Kentville Parkwood Mini Home Court - New Minas Avon Heights Subdivision - Hants Border Avon Heights K & N Repairs RR 1 Lower L’Ardo i s e Ri ch. Co . N. S. B0E 1W0 Mari ne, Commerci al & Aut omot i v e Repai rs Pho ne: 9 0 2 -5 8 7 -2 7 0 8 Fax : 9 0 2 -5 8 7 -2 7 0 9 Cel l : 9 0 2 -6 2 3 -0 2 6 5 Kel l y Cl anno n, Pro pri eto r F. Morrison & Sons Ent. Ltd. Ultramar Branded Distributor P.O. Box 31 Whycocomagh, Nova Scotia B0E 3M0 Tel: (902) 756-2336 Fax: (902) 756-2772 M.V. OSPREY LTD. 385 Purves Street D.O.T. Wharf, P.O. Box 188 North Sydney, N.S. Tel: (902) 794-1600 Canada B2A 3M3 Fax: (902) 794-1416 377 Main Street Yarmouth, N.S. B5A 1G1 Heather D. Banfield Board Certified Ocularist 671 Main St. Dartmouth, N.S. B2W 3T6 Toll Free: 1-800-565-1027 Local: (902) 468-2610 Offices throughout the Maritimes Arnold MacLeod Tel: 736-1144 or 625-0256 Cellular 227-5757 Fax: 736-0266 AML Painting Ltd. Sand Blasting & Spray Painting Contractors Industrial, Commercial, Marine & Heavy Equipment Fresh Packed Blueberries TEL. (902) 662-3820 FAX (902) 662-2891 MILLEN FARMS LTD. CERTIFIED STRAWBERRY PLANT NURSERY STRAWBERRY U-PICK 80 LITTLE DYKE ROAD CURTIS MILLEN R.R. 1 GREAT VILLAGE President N.S. B0M 1L0

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 41 The Responsible Host In May 2006, the Supreme Court of Canada passed its decision on a tragic impaired driving case: social hosts of parties do not owe a duty of care to members of the public who may be injured by an intoxicated guestʼs conduct. In the early hours of January 1, 1999, a drunk driver crashed head-on into a car, killing a young man and seriously injuring a young woman, who is now a paraplegic. The woman tried to sue the hosts of the party which the driver had just left. The event that led to the crash was a New Yearʼs party. However, many other occasions trigger parties — for example, the Stanley Cup and the Grey Cup. In fact, impaired driving peaks in the summer, when people drink at outdoor terraces, festivals, golf, barbecues and other vacation activities. Whatever the Supreme Court decides, the Canada Safety Council recommends that party hosts monitor and supervise the service and consumption of alcohol. If you plan to host a party, check your insurance to see if it covers any incident that may occur on (or as a result of actions on) your property. The Canada Safety Council offers some practical advice: 1. Either donʼt drink or limit your own consumption of alcohol so you can be aware of how much your guests are drinking. 2. Know your guests – it is much easier to track the changes in behaviour of those you know. Inviting strangers increases risk. 3. Monitor and supervise the serving of alcohol. Designate non-drinkers to do this. A “bartender” should control the size and number of drinks. 4. Keep the focus off alcohol. Serve a lot of food that has protein and fat – salt encourages more drinking and sugar does not mix well with alcohol. For drinks, offer non-alcoholic choices. 5. See guests in and out. Greet all guests on arrival and departure, taking the opportunity to assess their condition. 6. If a guest is drunk, encourage him or her to give you their car keys. Buddy up with a friend to persuade the intoxicated person to take a cab. 7. Keep the phone numbers of cab companies handy and tell the guest that a cab has been ordered. Donʼt give the option to refuse. 8. If the guest is very drunk, keep that person with you until they have sobered or can be left with a sober responsible person. 9. Only time will sober the person, not more fluids or food. Offering a spare bed is a good recourse. 10. If the person refuses to hand over the car keys or spend the night at your house, call the police. This may seem drastic, but it may be the choice between an upset friend or far more tragic consequences. Having a plan helps you prevent problems (or at least handle them in the least unpleasant way) and hopefully enjoy your own party. © 2006 Canada Safety Council Canada Safety Council C A N A D A ’ S V O I C E A N D R E S O U R C E F O R S A F E T Y

42 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA JENTRONICS Electronic Components & Industrial Controls Tel.: (902) 468-7987 • 1-800-456-6598 • Fax: (902) 468-3430 15 Weston Court, Burnside Industrial Park, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B3B 2C8 We support PANS This space sponsored by : Atlantic News Stand 5560 Morris Street Halifax, NS 429-5468 CHATER MEAT MARKET 250 Wyse Road Dartmouth, N.S. B3A 1N2 464-4777 9209 Commercial St. New Minas, NS Phone 902-681-6972 Fax 902-681-0779 Website: B. G. MAXX MANAGEMENT LTD. Commercial Cabinets & Store Fixtures 113 ABERCROMBIE ROAD BRUCE MacDOUGALL NEW GLASGOW, N.S. B2H 1K4 CONTRACTORS PHONE (902) 755-1200 • PROJECT MANAGERS FAX (902) 928-0191 Courses Available 425-1322 6169 Quinpool Rd. Halifax Visit www.yd.comfor course dates or to enroll online Young Drivers of Canada is the only driver training program that: • Offers the Collision free! Approach to DrivingTM (defensive driver Training) • Teaches emergency maneuvers • Includes exclusive DriveFitTM cognitive training • Teaches rear and head-on collision avoidance • Retrains all YD instructors annually • Transforms student drivers into safe drivers Prepare for the road ahead. YOUNG DRIVERS® of Canada Your licence to survive. ISO 9001:2000 Registered W.R. Graham Services Ltd. Specializing in: Geothermal Heat Pumps - Groundwater Specialists W.G. (Bill) Graham, B.Sc. New Glasgow, N.S. Hydrogeologist 1-888-935-3745 Phone: 902-752-8936 Fax: 902-755-9932 For more info visit: Truro Heights Irving Restaurant 86 Connector Road Exit 13 Highway #102 Truro Heights, N.S. B2N 5A9 902-897-0333 Norm Smith Electric Limited Box 172 Kingston, Nova Scotia B0P 1R0 Tel: 902 756-4212 Email: Fax: 902 765-2999

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 43 Blood Alcohol Limits: Canada and the World The federal government appears set to re-enter the longstanding debate about whether to reduce the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for impaired driving in the Criminal Code of Canada. The permissible BAC limit in the Criminal Code is .08 (80 milligrams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood).Some advocate a lower criminal limit of .05 (50 milligrams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood). They argue that Canada lags behind other countries in its fight against impaired driving, and should follow an international trend to legislate a .05 limit. Traffic Code or Criminal Code In Canada, two levels of government deal with impaired driving. The federal Criminal Code is applied at BACs of .08 and over. In addition, nine of Canadaʼs 13 provincial and territorial jurisdictions impose administrative licence suspensions on drivers whose BAC is under .08. Those drivers immediately lose their licence for four to 24 hours, longer with subsequent violations. Driving with a BAC of .05 is not permissible under the traffic acts in most provinces and territories. The real issue is whether drivers should be criminalized if their BAC is under .08. “The priority must be to prevent alcohol-related crashes, not just to punish drinking drivers,” says Emile Therien, president of the Canada Safety Council. “Most drivers involved in alcohol-related fatal crashes have BACs over .15. Thatʼs the group the government should focus on.” Therien notes the absence of evidence that charging low-BAC drivers criminally would prevent more deaths and injuries than continuing to deal with them under provincial and territorial traffic regulations. What is the international trend? Is there an international trend to criminalize drivers at the .05 level? In 2002 the Canada Safety Council commissioned a study to provide a credible, detailed analysis of how Canadaʼs blood alcohol laws compare with other developed countries. The Council wanted a legal expert to examine Canadaʼs blood alcohol limits objectively in the international context. Law professor David Paciocco, from the University of Ottawa, compared Canadaʼs blood alcohol legislation with similar laws in countries which have similar legal and political traditions. In Canadaís Blood Alcohol Laws - an International Perspective he found that approaches to BAC law internationally are complex and varied. The report was updated in March 2006 to determine whether recent developments affect its conclusions. “There have been changes,” says Professor Paciocco, “but they do not alter the conclusions in my original report. Countries and jurisdictions with .05 limits still tend not to use criminal law approaches, which is what Canada would be doing by amending the Criminal Code.” Canada Safety Council C A N A D A ’ S V O I C E A N D R E S O U R C E F O R S A F E T Y continued...

44 POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA Woodside, Canning, NS B0P 1H0 902-582-7746 Mike MacDonaldʼs Electrical Contracting Residential - Commercial Meeting ALL Your Electrical Needs No Job is Too Small Phone Mike Today 563-6068 / 564-8058 Over 30 Years Experience FREE ESTIMATES IRVING EQUIPMENT 43 Atlantic Street Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4P4 Mike Marsh Regional Manager, NS & NL Toll Free: 1-800-561-2726 Telephone: (709) 726-8794 Direct Line: (902) 494-5877 Cell: (902) 456-2589 Fax: (709) 726-8799 Local: (902) 429-7000 Fax: (902) 455-9335 Web: Buying & Selling of Located at 1903 Barrington Street (Barrington Place Shops) Authorized Dealer Royal Canadian Mint - New Mint Products Available 492-0130 60th Anniversary Silver Coin Available • Gold & Silver Coins • Jewellery • Pocket Watches • Paper Money • Mint Sets • Coin Supplies • Medals Open: Monday to Saturday Head Office (902) 443-8311 P.O. Box 9078, Stn. A, Halifax, N.S. B3K 5M7 HARRIS & ROOME SUPPLY, A DIVISION OF GRAYBAR CANADA LIMITED Atlantic Canadaʼs Leading Electrical Distributor with 18 fully stocked branches including: HALIFAX DARTMOUTH 3600 Joseph Howe Dr. 260 Brownlow Ave. Tel. (902) 443-8311 Tel. (902) 468-6665 Fax (902) 443-5171 Fax (902) 468-2696 OFFICE: P.O. Box 700 Mahone Bay, N.S., B0J 2E0 PHONE: (902) 624-2400 FAX No. (902) 624-2402 REPAIR SHOP: 391 BLUEWATER ROAD ATLANTIC ACRES, BEDFORD, N.S. B4B 1J7 PHONE: (902) 835-4212 FAX No. (902) 835-5212 IAN C. GRIFFITHS City Printers Ltd. 180 Townsend Street Sydney, NS 902-564-8245 Johnny on the Spot Toilet Rentals 902-823-3043 767 Main Street Dartmouth, N.S. B2W 3T9 (902) 462-1434 6552 Bayers Road Halifax, N.S. B3L 2B3 (902) 453-1434 125 Sackville Drive Lower Sackville, N.S. B4C 2R3 (902) 864-1434 ELROYM. MATTATALL GENERALMANAGER j. m. giffin engineering inc. structural consultants James M. Giffin, P. Eng. B. John Green, P. Eng. President Vice President 21042 Lower LaPlanche Street Box 189, Amherst, N.S. B4H 3Z2 Tel. (902) 667-3300 Fax. (902) 667-9399 E-Mail