PANS-07

POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 93 Physical Effects INFANTS • low birth weight • prematurity • poor health • poor sleeping habits • excessive screaming CHILDREN • agitation • developmental delay • sleep disturbances • enuresis (involuntary urination, bedwetting) • anxiety (shaking, nail biting, hair pulling) • speech and hearing difficulties • psychosomatic complaints • eating disturbances Cognitive Effects • difficulty concentrating • deficits in thinking through social problems • deficits in generating appropriate solutions to social conflicts • increased academic involvement Emotional Effects • increased anxiety and/or depression • anger • ambivalence • feeling unloved • hostility • stress • confusion • shame • despair • loneliness • guilt • sadness • jealousy • worrying • embarrassment • isolation Potential Effects of Witnessing Family Violence on Children GENERAL BOYS GIRLS • bed-wetting • aggression • withdrawn • whining • temper tantrums • passive • clinging • fights with peers and • approval seeking • yelling siblings • compliant • irritable behavior • bullying tactics • low frustration level • hiding • low frustration level • infinite patience • shaking • disobedience • cling to adults • stuttering • lying, cheating • overly dependent • lower social competency • destructive • stubborn • impulsive • tease excessively • argumentative • worry excessively • loud • increased somatic complaints • tease excessively • worry excessively • withdrawn Behavioral Effects Source: National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, Family Violence Prevention Division, Health Canada Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1B5

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