POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 79 directly with youth to educate them regarding the dangers of designer drugs, police officers can work to facilitate positive, recreational events while simultaneously preventing any possible tragedies in their communities. We agree with many of the recommendations of the Rave Inquest held in Toronto in May 2000, including having municipal by-laws in place requiring the following safety provisions for raves: • Both city property and private venues be made available for raves, subject to licence or permit system. • That public health departments work with health-care practitioners, police and school boards to educate people about the risks associated with drug use. • A restriction on admission to those 16 and older. • A ban on depictions of drugs and drug use on advertising material. • Unlimited access to drinking water. • That a paramedic be present at all times, with access to a proper first-aid room. • That bonded security guards be used to ensure safety. • That security guards have search privileges, at the entrance door, and admission be refused to those found with drugs. • Unrestricted access to exit doors. (City of Toronto Coroner's Inquest into raves, May 2000) Although these drugs are primarily available at this time at Raves, it is important to note that the focus of attention needs to be on the illicit, harmful drugs and not the venue. j) Other emerging and important substance abuse issues Mental Health and Drugs We know there is a high correlation between drug use/abuse and crime. We know from our expert partners in addiction and health services, that mental illness can be a powerful factor in the motivation to use drugs, and in the attempt to stop drug use from escalating into abuse. Often symptoms of mental illness mimic that of drug abuse. In one large US study, 30 per cent of alcohol abusers and 50 per cent of drug abusers also had a serious mental illness. A smaller study in Edmonton, Alberta, yielded similar results. (Darryl S Inaba, Pharm.D. "Uppers, Downers and All-Arounders", 1997.) All substance abuse prevention professionals, including police who are on the 'front-line' in interaction with substance abusers, should learn to recognize and understand the most common concurrent disorders. Impaired driving and testing In most impaired driving studies marijuana is the most commonly detected drug after alcohol, and is most often consumed in combination with alcohol. Marijuana impairs driving behaviour such as braking time and reaction to red lights or other signals. Impaired driving by prescription medication, such as allergy or anxiety medication, is also significant. The CACP and RCMP support the use and expansion of the Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) program and corresponding legislation. This will enable police to identify drivers impaired by illicit and/or prescription drugs, to prevent these users from driving, and further promote road safety for Canadians. Inhalants Inhalants comprise a wide variety of substances, including gases, liquids that give off fumes and aerosol sprays. Commonly used products include: typewriter correction fluid, toluene (glue), gasoline, spray paints and anaesthetic agents; they are used for their stupefying, intoxicating and sometimes slightly psychedelic effects. Inhalants are distinctly different from other psychoactive drugs. They are fast-acting and have intense and extremely harmful effects. Cheap and readily available, inhalants are used more often by the young and the poor. The use of inhalants by high-risk groups is alarming. Moreover, inhalants have not been dealt with adequately in any preventative measure by the majority of parents, educators, media or the police. (...Substance Abuse Issues continued)