POLICE ASSOCIATION OF NOVA SCOTIA 77 ...continued • Rates of all types of violence, including partner violence, decrease as people get older. • Same-sex relationships • Women who self-identified as lesbian or bisexual reported significantly higher rates of violence by a partner than heterosexual women (20.8% vs. 6.1%) Child abuse and neglect A recent report showed that in 2012: • More than a quarter (26%) of adult Canadians reported that they had experienced physical abuse in childhood; 10% reported childhood sexual abuse; 8% reported childhood exposure to intimate partner violence. A 2013 Statistics Canada report showed that: • girls were 4 times more likely than boys to be victims of child sexual abuse by a family member • of infants killed by a family member, those under 1 year were most at risk • Shaken Baby Syndrome/Abusive Head Trauma accounted for nearly 1 in 3 homicides against children less than 1 year of age. • as children grow older, the non-lethal rates of violence increase Rates of child abuse by type of abuse According to data from child welfare agencies in Canada in 2008, children were exposed to the following types of abuse: • Exposure to intimate partner violence (34%) • Neglect (34%) • Physical abuse (20%) • Emotional abuse (9%) • Sexual abuse (3%) PHAC (2010) Elder abuse & neglect According to a 2013 Statistics Canada report: • Nearly 60% of incidents of elder abuse were physical assaults against older adults, and 26% involved threats. • The highest rates of elder abuse by a family member reported to police are for those aged 65-74. • Senior women are more likely to be killed by a family member than senior men. Who is most likely to abuse older adults? • family members (34%) • strangers (27%) • acquaintances (19%) Grown children are the most common perpetrators of abuse and/or neglect of elderly relatives-especially in cases of homicide. Statistics Canada, 2013b References Public Health Agency of Canada. (2010). Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008: Major Findings. Ottawa, ON. Afifi, T. O., MacMillan, H. L., Boyle, M., Taillieu, T., Cheung, K., & Sareen, J. (2014). Child abuse and mental disorders in Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal, cmaj-131792. Statistics Canada. (2013). Measuring violence against women: Statistical trends. Statistics Canada. (2013). Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2011. Statistics Canada. (2011). Violent victimization of Aboriginal women in the Canadian provinces, 2009. FAMILY VIOLENCE: HOW BIG IS THE PROBLEM IN CANADA?